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Meaning of ghost – Learner’s Dictionary

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used as a friendly way of speaking to a child or young person, especially one you know well

Juddering, quivering and wobbling: more verbs to describe movement

Juddering, quivering and wobbling: more verbs to describe movement

ghost dictionary meaning

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  • 1.1 Alternative forms
  • 1.2 Etymology
  • 1.3 Pronunciation
  • 1.4.1 Derived terms
  • 1.4.2 Descendants
  • 1.4.3 Translations
  • 1.4.4 See also
  • 1.5.1 Derived terms
  • 1.5.2 Translations
  • 1.6 References
  • 1.7 Anagrams

English [ edit ]

Alternative forms [ edit ].

  • ghoast , gost ( both obsolete )

Etymology [ edit ]

From Middle English gost , from Old English gāst , which was the word for "spirit" as well as "ghost" (the original sense survives in Modern English Holy Ghost from Old English Hāliġ Gāst ). Further from Proto-West Germanic *gaist , from Proto-Germanic *gaistaz , from Proto-Indo-European *ǵʰéysdos , derived from *ǵʰéysd- ( “ anger, agitation ” ) .

Cognate with Scots ghaist ( “ ghost ” ) , Saterland Frisian Gäist ( “ spirit ” ) , West Frisian geast ( “ spirit ” ) , Dutch geest ( “ spirit, mind, ghost ” ) , German Geist ( “ spirit, mind, intellect ” ) , Swedish gast ( “ ghost ” ) . Wider cognates include Sanskrit हेड ( héḍa , “ anger, hatred ” ) , Persian زشت ‎ ( zešt , “ ugly, hateful, disgusting ” ) .

The 'h' in the spelling appears in the Prologue to William Caxton 's Royal Book , printed in 1484, in a reference to the 'Holy Ghoost', likely introduced by Caxton's assistant, Wynkyn de Worde , as a result of Flemish influence, where it was spelled 'gheest' at the time. [1]

Pronunciation [ edit ]

  • ( UK ) IPA ( key ) : /ɡəʊst/
  • ( General Australian ) IPA ( key ) : /ɡɐʉst/
  • ( US ) IPA ( key ) : /ɡoʊst/
  • Rhymes: -əʊst

Noun [ edit ]

ghost ( countable and uncountable , plural ghosts )

  • 1590 , Edmund Spenser , “Book I, Canto VII”, in The Faerie Queene.   [ … ] , London: [ … ] [ John Wolfe ] for William Ponsonbie , →OCLC , stanza 31: hen gins her grieued ghost thus to lament and mourne.
  • 2013 , Kenneth Palmer, Just Thoughts: Looking at Man's Whole Self , page 20 : Enlightening the eyes and a taste for hope, emotions are felt from an inward ghost .
  • 2014 , Neville Moray, Science, Cells and Souls: An Introduction to Human Nature : If I thought that “I” referred to my inner ghost , I wouldn't be worried because a bullet can't hurt a ghost , and equally there would be no point in your shooting.
  • 2017 , Anastasia Burton, You and I, in a Thousand Moons : It also required four years of finding your inner ghost and becoming one with it. The inner ghost is within every person who is still alive.
  • 1668 , John Dryden , Annus Mirabilis: The Year of Wonders, M. DC. LXVI.   [ … ] , London: [ … ] Henry Herringman ,   [ … ] , →OCLC , (please specify the stanza number) : The mighty ghosts of our great Harries rose.
  • 1798 , Samuel Taylor Coleridge, The Rime of the Ancyent Marinere : I thought that I had died in sleep/And was a blessed ghost
  • 1886 October – 1887 January, H[enry] Rider Haggard , She: A History of Adventure , London: Longmans, Green, and Co. , published 1887 , →OCLC : For a moment I was puzzled, but presently, of course, it struck me that he must have seen Ayesha, wrapped in her grave-like garment, and been deceived by the extraordinary undulating smoothness of her walk into a belief that she was a white ghost gliding towards him.
  • 1992 , Rudolf M[athias] Schuster, The Hepaticae and Anthocerotae of North America: East of the Hundredth Meridian , volume V, New York, N.Y.: Columbia University Press , →ISBN , page vii: Hepaticology, outside the temperate parts of the Northern Hemisphere, still lies deep in the shadow cast by that ultimate "closet taxonomist," Franz Stephani—a ghost whose shadow falls over us all.
  • 1845 February, — Quarles [pseudonym; Edgar Allan Poe ], “ The Raven ”, in The American Review ‎ [1] , volume I, number II, New York, N.Y., London: Wiley & Putnam ,   [ … ] , →OCLC : And each separate dying ember wrought its ghost upon the floor.
  • 2013 May-June, William E. Conner, “An Acoustic Arms Race”, in American Scientist ‎ [2] , volume 101 , number 3, archived from the original on 17 July 2013 , pages 206–7 : Earless ghost swift moths become “invisible” to echolocating bats by forming mating clusters close (less than half a meter) above vegetation and effectively blending into the clutter of echoes that the bat receives from the leaves and stems around them.
  • 2017 July 23, Brandon Nowalk, “The great game begins with a bang on Game Of Thrones (newbies)”, in The Onion AV Club ‎ [3] : [ … ] She barely answers his questions. She’s a ghost of herself. And then Hot Pie gives us the key to Arya’s whole thing this season so far: She didn’t know that Jon had defeated the Boltons.
  • A false image formed in a telescope, camera, or other optical device by reflection from the surfaces of one or more lenses.
  • 2007 , Albert Abramson, The History of Television, 1942 to 2000 , page 60 : There was less flicker, jitter was nonexistent, and the screen pattern had been rendered far more viewworthy, with ghosts being virtually suppressed.
  • A ghostwriter .
  • 2004 , Joint Learning Initiative, Global Equity Initiative, Human Resources for Health: Overcoming the Crisis , page 76 : Some health systems are plagued by " ghost " and "absent" workers. Ghost workers are nonexistent, listed in the payroll, and paid, a clear sign of corruption.
  • 2008 , The Asia-Pacific Human Development Report , page 63 : 1,500 secondary schools in Jiangxi found 125 cases of illegally collected Ghosts and Absentees fees worth $2 million.
  • 2023 , Barony of Ponte Alto, Society for Creative Anachronism, Ponte Alto Pennsic Encampment 2023 - Barony Registration : Before filling out this form, please visit the Pennsic Pre-Registration Page to create your account and enter your campers and ghosts [ nonexistent campers one pays for to legitimately increase the size of one's allotted camping space ].
  • A dead person whose identity is stolen by another. See ghosting .
  • 2004 , Paul Mutton, IRC Hacks: 100 Industrial-Strength Tips & Tools , page 31 : This will let you open a query with NickServ again so you can remove your “ ghost ” from the server: [ … ]
  • ( computing ) An image of a file or hard disk . Synonym: backup
  • ( theater ) An understudy .
  • ( espionage ) A covert (and deniable ) agent. Synonyms: spook , spy
  • 1992 , Maurice J. Whitford, Getting Rid of Graffiti , page 45 : Regardless of GRM used, graffiti ghosts persist. Protect cladding with surface coating or replace with graffiti resistant paint or laminate.
  • 2012 , Keith Burgun, Game Design Theory: A New Philosophy for Understanding Games : This is also the case for some racing games ( Super Mario Kart is a good example) that allow you to compete against your ghosts , which are precise recordings of your performance.
  • Someone whose identity cannot be established because there are no records of him/her.
  • 1966 , Kàzmèr L. Nagy, State Vector Spaces with Indefinite Metric in Quantum Field Theory , page 14 : The proof is well known, and independent of the metric, but to make certain we prove it here also for the case when the state vector system of an operator contains multipole [ sic ] ghosts .
  • 2019 , Radin Dardashti, Richard Dawid, Karim Thébault, Why Trust a Theory? , page 180 : Soon after, the proof of the No-Ghost Theorem , establishing that the DRM has no ghosts if d ≤ 26, was achieved independently by Brower (1972) and by Goddard and Thorn (1972).
  • ( attributive , linguistics , computing ) A formerly nonexistent character that was at some point mistakenly encoded into a character set standard , which might have since become used opportunistically for some genuine purpose. 彁 is a ghost character from the Japanese JIS X 0208 character set.
  • 2018 October 2, Julie Thompson-Adolf, Starting & Saving Seeds: Grow the Perfect Vegetables, Fruits, Herbs, and Flowers for Your Garden , Cool Springs Press, →ISBN , page 68 : Spicy or mild, lovely bells or scary ghosts , peppers belong in your garden. Not only are they delicious, they add a gorgeous pop of color to vegetable gardens. When starting pepper seeds, consider using a heat mat.
  • 2022 July 5, Alice Zaslavsky, In Praise of Veg: The Ultimate Cookbook for Vegetable Lovers , Appetite by Random House, →ISBN : Fresh chili has a glossy smooth skin like a bell pepper...unless you're in scorching territory, with the likes of Ghosts or Reapers (their name should give the game away), where the skin looks [wrinkled].
  • ( uncountable ) A game in which players take turns to add a letter to a possible word, trying not to complete a word.
  • ( attributive , in names of species ) White or pale . ghost slug ghostflower
  • ( attributive , in names of species ) Transparent or translucent . ghost ant ghost catfish
  • ( attributive ) Abandoned . ghost town ghost ship
  • ( attributive ) Remnant; the remains of a(n). ghost cell ghost crater ghost image
  • ( attributive ) Perceived or listed but not real . ghost cellphone vibration ghost pain ghost island ghost voter
  • ( attributive ) Of cryptid , supernatural or extraterrestrial nature. ghost rocket ghost deer
  • ( attributive ) Substitute . ghost writer ghost singer

Derived terms [ edit ]

  • black ghost knifefish
  • errand-ghost
  • errand ghost
  • Faddeev-Popov ghost
  • gauge ghost
  • ghost at the feast
  • ghost brand
  • ghost bullet
  • ghost catshark
  • ghost character
  • ghost chili
  • ghost chili pepper
  • ghost chilli
  • ghost company
  • ghost condensate
  • ghost corridor
  • Ghost Dance
  • ghost detainee
  • ghost driver
  • ghost-faced bat
  • Ghost Festival
  • ghost field
  • ghost flathead
  • ghost fleet
  • ghost flight
  • ghost forest
  • ghost from one's past
  • ghost fungus
  • ghost hotel
  • ghost house
  • ghosthunter
  • ghosthunting
  • ghost image
  • ghost imaging
  • ghost insect
  • ghost in the graveyard
  • ghost in the machine
  • ghost island
  • ghost kanji
  • ghost kitchen
  • ghost knifefish
  • ghost language
  • ghost light
  • ghost marriage
  • ghost moose
  • ghost nipper
  • ghost nudibranch
  • ghost orchid
  • ghost pepper
  • ghost piece
  • ghost pipefish ( Solenostomus )
  • ghost plant
  • ghost population
  • ghost prisoner
  • ghost restaurant
  • ghost-riding
  • ghost runner
  • ghost-scraper
  • ghost shark
  • ghost shrimp
  • ghost sickness
  • ghost skate
  • ghost station
  • ghost story
  • ghost street
  • ghost swift
  • ghost-townish
  • ghost track
  • ghost train
  • ghost voting
  • ghost world
  • ghost write
  • ghost-write
  • ghostwriter
  • give up the ghost
  • great Caesar's ghost
  • hungry ghost
  • no-ghost theorem
  • pale as a ghost
  • Pepper's ghost
  • the ghost walks
  • white as a ghost
  • yield the ghost
  • yield up the ghost

See also [ edit ]

  • channelling
  • doppelganger
  • hallucination
  • poltergeist
  • things that go bump in the night
  • will-o'-the-wisp

Verb [ edit ]

ghost ( third-person singular simple present ghosts , present participle ghosting , simple past and past participle ghosted )

  • c. 1606–1607 , William Shakespeare , “ The Tragedie of Anthonie and Cleopatra ”, in Mr. William Shakespeares Comedies, Histories, & Tragedies   [ … ] ( First Folio ), London: [ … ] Isaac Iaggard , and Ed [ ward ] Blount , published 1623 , →OCLC , [Act II, scene vi], line 1221 : since Julius Caesar, / Who at Philippi the good Brutus ghosted
  • ( obsolete ) To die ; to expire .
  • 1938 , Norman Lindsay , Age of Consent , 1st Australian edition, Sydney, N.S.W.: Ure Smith , published 1962 , →OCLC , page 32 : It spread slowly up from the sea-rim, a welling upwards of pure white light, ghosting the beach with silver and drawing the grey bastions of sandstone out of formless space.
  • 1976 September, Saul Bellow , Humboldt’s Gift , New York, N.Y.: Avon Books , →ISBN , page 41 : Well, you wrote a few books, you wrote a famous play, and even that was half ghosted .
  • 2014 March 9, Elizabeth Day, “Is the LRB the best magazine in the world?”, in The Observer ‎ [4] : The current issue carries an extraordinary 26,000-word piece by Andrew O'Hagan on his failed attempt to ghost the WikiLeaks founder Julian Assange's memoir, which was trending on Twitter before copies even hit the news-stands.
  • 2016 , Nathanael Johnson, Unseen City , →ISBN , page 192 : They move without any visible sign of movement, like a wakeless ship ghosting over the water.
  • ( computing ) To copy a file or hard drive image.
  • 1991 , Amiga User Interface Style Guide , page 76 : Whenever a menu or menu item is inappropriate or unavailable for selection, it should be ghosted . Never allow the user to select something that does nothing in response.
  • 2001 , Luke, “to leave (vb.): Hurg [OT]”, in ( Usenet ): I'm so untechnical that I once ghosted a registered IRC nick and then tried to identify myself to NickServ with the valid password before actually changing my nick to the aforementioned moniker.
  • 2011 September 24, David Ornstein, “Arsenal 3 - 0 Bolton”, in BBC Sport ‎ [5] : Arsenal came into the match under severe pressure and nerves were palpable early on as Pratley was brilliantly denied by Szczesny after ghosting in front of Kieran Gibbs
  • 2011 , Mark Harnden, In the Dark Backyard , →ISBN , page 59 : At the flank of the main stage, I took root for an hour, until a female form ghosted in front of me that I recognised from university two years before.
  • 2012 , Ian Tregillis, Bitter Seeds , →ISBN : He ghosted through the door. It clanged a few seconds later as his pursuer pounded on it.
  • 2020 , Jamie Bennett, Victoria Knight, Prisoners on Prison Films , page 26 : His power base, however, is undermined by him being constantly, “ ghosted ”, or moved from prison to prison.
  • 2000 , Jim Wheat, Ken Wheat, David Twohy, Pitch Black (film) : My recommendation: Do me. Don't take the chance that I'll get shiv-happy on your wannabe ass. Ghost me, Riddick. Would if I were you. Though I notice he tried to ghost my ass. When he shot up that stranger instead.
  • 2004 , Jim Wheat, Ken Wheat, David Twohy, The Chronicles of Riddick (film) : He just ghosted two guys, and I never even saw him. Plan was to clean the bank, ghost the mercs, break wide through the tunnel.
  • 2013 , Jim Wheat, Ken Wheat, David Twohy, Riddick (film) : This may come as a shock to you, Johns, but I didn't ghost your son. He seemed set on killin' himself. Diaz was gonna take the nodes for himself and ghost me. He was gonna leave you out here alone.
  • 2017 September 28, Josh Corbin, 37:03 from the start, in Start Up , season 2, episode 6, spoken by Ronald Dacey (Edi Gathegi): RONALD:”They tried to ghost your girl Isabel right here”. WES CHANDLER(played by Ron Perlman ):”Tried to ‘ ghost ’ her?” RONALD:”Merk. 86. Put her down in the dirt. You feel me?”
  • 2015 October 15, “Why is it so hard to go from chatting on Tinder to meeting up in real life?”, in The Guardian ‎ [6] : I’ve recently been trying out Tinder, and while I match with people and even chat with them everything seems to be going well, but whenever I bring up meeting IRL, they are quick to ghost me.
  • 2016 March 21, Allison P. Davies, “What I Learned Tindering My Way Across Europe”, in Travel + Leisure ‎ [7] , archived from the original on 2018-01-06 : By 6 p.m., I had a list of restaurants to try from Hamish, a chef who couldn’t meet, a follow-up from Adam (“I’ve never seen a room at the Ace....”), and an offer from Agoraphobic Paul to come over and “have a joint and a cuddle.” I’d confirmed a walking tour of Greenwich from Max, who ghosted .
  • 2017 September 26, Judith Duportail, “I asked Tinder for my data. It sent me 800 pages of my deepest, darkest secrets”, in The Guardian ‎ [8] : Tinder knows me so well. It knows the real, inglorious version of me who copy-pasted the same joke to match 567, 568, and 569; who exchanged compulsively with 16 different people simultaneously one New Year’s Day, and then ghosted 16 of them.
  • 2018 , Ling Ma , chapter 17, in Severance , →ISBN : He had texted, called, and emailed a bunch since then. I hadn't meant to ghost , but it was just easier not to deal with it.
  • 1955 , Saturday Review (volume 38, part 2, page 27) Here's how it went: Larry Parks as elderly Al Jolson was watching Larry Parks playing young Al Jolson in the first movie — in other words, Parks ghosting for Parks. At the same time, Jolson himself was ghosting the voices for both of them.
  • 1999 , The Golden Age of Musicals , page 50 : One of the few performers to triumph over ghosting was Ava Gardner in Freed's Show Boat (1951). Not only does she lip-synch with breathtaking accuracy, her performance gives the cotton-candy production its only underpinning of realism.

References [ edit ]

  • ^ Crystal, David (2012) Spell It Out: The Singular Story of English Spelling , London: Profile Books Ltd, →ISBN

Anagrams [ edit ]

  • Goths , gosht , goths

ghost dictionary meaning

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Definition of ghost noun from the Oxford Advanced Learner's Dictionary

  • Do you believe in ghosts (= believe that they exist) ?
  • ghost of somebody The ghost of her father had come back to haunt her.
  • He looked as if he had seen a ghost (= looked very frightened)
  • The ghost hunters have so far found nothing.
  • A priest was called in to exorcize the ghost.
  • He looked as pale as a ghost as he climbed out of the wrecked car.
  • The ghost of a hanged man is said to haunt the house.
  • haunt something
  • as pale as a ghost
  • as white as a ghost

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ghost dictionary meaning

Every Letter Is Silent, Sometimes

When each letter can be seen but not heard

going bump in the night origins scary house photo

The Strangeness of 'Going Bump In The...

The Strangeness of 'Going Bump In The Night'

A tale of unexplained noises and the spookiest adverb


(Fewer Than) 50 Ways to Leave Your Lover

Words for the end of a romance

Thesaurus Entries Near ghost

Cite this entry.

“Ghost.” Thesaurus , Merriam-Webster, Accessed 6 Jan. 2024.

More from Merriam-Webster on ghost

Nglish: Translation of ghost for Spanish Speakers

Britannica English: Translation of ghost for Arabic Speakers Encyclopedia article about ghost

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What Is Ghosting?

The noun ghost   has been around a very long time, since before 900, when Old English was spoken. Originally it referred to the soul of a dead person or a disembodied spirit, and this meaning is still in use. In the recent past, ghost and ghosting have expanded in meaning, and today this term is often evoked in relation to dating.

How do you know if you’ve been ghosted?

You are a victim of ghosting if you one day realize that the person you’ve been seeing for two months is no longer replying to your texts. The verb form is also widely used; you can date someone for a few months and then ghost . defines ghosting as “the practice of suddenly ending all contact with a person without explanation, especially in a romantic relationship.”

With ghosting there is no break-up conversation, perhaps because the relationship was not serious enough to warrant a formal break-up or because confrontation was seen as too difficult or not worth the trouble. Whatever the reason, the act of ghosting effectively ends a relationship. This sense of ghosting is a logical metaphorical extension of the original sense since exes can have the quality of lingering long after they’ve exited a person’s life.

When did people start ghosting?

The “ending a relationship” sense of ghosting is relatively new to English, but how new? On November 23, 2007, an Urban Dictionary entry for this sense of ghost appeared: “To ghost: Cutting all ties with a girl. I’m totally ghosting Ania as of right now .” Before 2007, a few similar senses of ghosting and ghost pop up in Urban Dictionary, however, they aren’t in this specific context of breaking up without actually breaking up.

It’s likely that the spread of this particular sense of ghosting is linked to the increasing use of online dating apps. Though online dating has been around for over twenty years, Tinder entered the scene in late 2012, and became ubiquitous in 2013. Around that time the term ghosting really took off in mainstream media. By 2014 and 2015 major publications like New York Times , Huffington Post , and the Independent were writing about it.

This sense of ghosting might find its roots in the idiom get ghost , meaning “to leave immediately; to disappear,” which gained popularity in ‘90s hip-hop. The Right Rhymes shows examples of this expression referring to sexual encounters from as early as 1994. However, these lyrics seem to be specifically about one-night stands. Going even further back, the Oxford English Dictionary lists the phrases to ghost it and to ghost away meaning “to steal away like a ghost,” as dating from the 1800s. In this update, also added a related sense of ghosting : “the act of leaving a social event or engagement suddenly without saying goodbye.”

These links seem viable, but the exact origins of the “ending a relationship” sense of ghosting remain unknown. This all adds to the mystery of the term, which any victim of ghosting can agree is appropriate.

Jane Solomon is a lexicographer based in Oakland, CA. She spends her days writing definitions and working on various projects for In the past, she’s worked with other dictionary publishers including Cambridge, HarperCollins, Oxford, and Scholastic, and she was a coauthor of “Among the New Words,” a quarterly article in the journal American Speech. She is also part of the Unicode Emoji Subcommittee, the group that decides what new emoji pop up on our devices. Jane blogs at  Lexical Items , and she is the author of the children’s book The Dictionary of Difficult Words .

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Ghost Definition

  • ghostwriter
  • supernatural visitant
  • etheric being
  • ethereal being
  • incorporeal being
  • materialize

Other Word Forms of Ghost

Origin of ghost.

From Middle English gost , gast , from Old English gāst (“breath, soul, spirit, ghost, being”), from Proto-Germanic *gaistaz (“ghost, spirit”), from Proto-Indo-European *ǵʰeizd- , *ǵʰizd- (“anger, agitation”), *ǵʰeysd- , *ǵʰisd- (“anger, agitation”). Cognate with Scots ghaist (“ghost”), West Frisian geast (“spirit”), Dutch geest (“spirit, mind, ghost”), German Geist (“spirit, mind, intellect”), Swedish gast (“ghost”), Sanskrit हेड (heḍa, “anger, hatred”).

From Wiktionary

Middle English gost from Old English gāst breath, spirit

From American Heritage Dictionary of the English Language, 5th Edition

Ghost Sentence Examples

I think I saw a ghost , in the hall!

I could feel a cold sweat passing over me like a ghost at a séance.

The ghost of innate ideas seems to be all that it had left.

Curiously, Buddhism itself is ruled by the ghost or shadowy remainder of belief in transmigration - Karma.

Now it's a ghost town.

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fall pun life's gourd

Ghost Is Also Mentioned In

  • given up the ghost
  • double kill
  • mary-celeste

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Words Starting With

Words ending with, unscrambles, words starting with g and ending with t, word length, words near ghost in the dictionary.

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noun as in spirit of the dead

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  • poltergeist

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  • ethereal being
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Related words.

Words related to ghost are not direct synonyms, but are associated with the word ghost . Browse related words to learn more about word associations.

noun as in composer of written work

  • ghostwriter
  • ink slinger
  • prose writer
  • word slinger
  • work-for-hire

verb as in create writing, artwork, or music

  • coin a phrase
  • fudge together
  • orchestrate
  • push pencil
  • put pen to paper

noun as in misconception, misbelief

  • deceptiveness
  • false impression
  • fool's paradise
  • hallucination
  • ignis fatuus
  • misapprehension
  • optical illusion
  • self-deception
  • speciousness
  • spuriousness

noun as in actual but not official author

noun as in illusion

  • figment of imagination
  • hocus-pocus
  • ignus fatuus
  • make believe
  • misconception
  • misimpression
  • virtual reality
  • will-o'-the-wisp

Viewing 5 / 17 related words

Example Sentences

The expansion of ghost kitchens was well underway before the pandemic.

The spread of third-party delivery apps and ghost kitchens means that many customers largely interact with restaurants through apps, not the restaurants directly.

New “ghost kitchens,” or delivery-only restaurants capitalizing on the rise of Grubhub and UberEats, popped up, many specializing in wings.

Last year police in New York state arrested an Army drone operator and alleged Boogaloo Boi on charges that he owned an illegal ghost gun.

Group Nine has been thinking about expanding further in this direction by leveraging the ghost kitchen it launched through Thrillist back in December.

The well, ghost or no ghost, is certainly a piece of history with a bold presence.

Now, she says, her coworkers are actively pranking each other and blaming it on the ghost.

First, the ghost of his departed partner, Jacob Marley, comes calling, his face emerging from the doorknob.

As Monday turned to Tuesday morning, five hostages had escaped and the Central Business District had turned into a ghost town.

The ghost writer in question is assumed to be one Siobhan Curham—an established author of both YA and adult fiction.

T least, thet's all I think 't wuz; though thar wuz those thet said 't wuz Claiborne's ghost.

Meanwhile Fleurette had her nourishing food, and grew more like the ghost of a lily every day.

Our poor planet will be but a silent ghost whirling on its dark path in the starlight.

For a moment there was no consciousness in their gaze; then a whimsical ghost of a smile crept about his mouth.

Now it will be as well here to inquire what good has ever resulted from this belief in what is commonly understood to be a ghost?

Synonym of the day

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On this page you'll find 44 synonyms, antonyms, and words related to ghost, such as: demon, devil, phantom, shadow, soul, and specter.

From Roget's 21st Century Thesaurus, Third Edition Copyright © 2013 by the Philip Lief Group.

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The funeral of Hamas official Saleh al-Arouri in Beirut, Lebanon, 4 January.

Israel is pushing Hezbollah to its limits. How it responds will define the future of this war

Amal Saad

With the assassination of Hamas official Saleh al-Arouri in Lebanon, Israel has risked an alarming escalation

I n an alarming turn of events, just as Israel revealed its plan to withdraw thousands of troops from northern Gaza for the next phase of its ongoing war, the senior Hamas official Saleh al-Arouri was killed in a targeted assassination in Beirut. While Israel did not claim responsibility, Hezbollah held it directly accountable for the killing. The incident marks a significant escalation, as it represents Israel’s deepest incursion into Lebanese territory since 8 October and its most significant attack since July 2006 . Moreover, it breaches established red lines and rules of engagement by expanding the war theatre to Beirut, disregarding a warning issued by Hezbollah leader Hassan Nasrallah in August, when he cautioned Israel against engaging in assassinations on Lebanese soil.

Historically, Hezbollah has preferred to gradually build up its military capabilities over the long term rather than immediately responding to attacks in kind. But the current war, and this recent act of escalation, will compel the movement to act swiftly to deter further Israeli aggression. In its eyes, a clear response will be the only way to restore equilibrium.

Arouri was a high-value target and his killing is a huge blow to Hamas given his longstanding role as a negotiator, including his involvement in the current prisoner exchange talks with Israel, and in ongoing efforts for cooperation between Hamas and the rival Fatah movement. He was also one of the architects of the rapprochement between Hamas on the one hand, and Iran, Hezbollah and Syria on the other, after ties had deteriorated in the wake of the Syrian war. In that sense, his assassination is a major loss for Hezbollah as well. By taking out such a high-value target, Israel is hoping to present this as a symbolic victory to its public after failing to capture or kill any senior officials in Gaza.

One of Hezbollah’s primary concerns is the further targeting of Palestinian officials in Lebanon. Israel’s shift in strategy to a lower-intensity “phase 3” – prompted by US pressure – has led to the redirection of some of its efforts toward operations that neutralise senior Hamas and Islamic Jihad operatives abroad. According to leaked recordings , the head of Shin Bet declared Israel’s intent to kill Hamas leaders “in every location”, no matter how many years it takes. US officials have lent their support to this policy, and the US national security council spokesperson, John Kirby, gave the strategy legitimacy by comparing it to the US’s own war on terror and campaign of exterritorial law enforcement. Hezbollah is in all likelihood concerned that a failure to respond decisively will invite Israel to go on an extrajudicial killing spree in Beirut – not just against Hamas but also eventually against its own officials. An even greater concern is that Israel is seeking to provoke Hezbollah into a full-scale war that would involve the US as a co-belligerent.

What is clear for now is that one of the aims of Israel’s attack was to send Hezbollah a message that Lebanon will no longer be a safe haven for Hamas. In all likelihood, Hezbollah’s response will attempt to ensure that the balance of deterrence is re-established without provoking or embarrassing Israel. This would require a carefully measured retaliation that simultaneously signifies an escalation in terms of scope and intensity, but falls short of all-out war. Right before announcing that Arouri’s killing would not go unpunished, Nasrallah threatened Israel that “a war with us will be very, very, very costly”. This suggests that the movement is preparing a major retaliation that could prompt Israel to escalate further if it misreads Hezbollah’s intentions. But there is also a danger for the Lebanese paramilitary group that Israel might misinterpret a sub-threshold response as a sign that it wants to avoid war at all costs. Hezbollah is keen to avoid an all-out war – but it is ready for one.

Hezbollah would not have taken the initiative on 8 October and embarked on its “solidarity with Palestine” military campaign had it not been ready for the possibility that its moderate-intensity conflict with Israel could metastasise into a high-intensity conventional one. It has similarly thumbed its nose at Israeli threats to attack Lebanon if Hezbollah doesn’t withdraw its forces from the border area and end its cross-border strikes.

The movement is confident not only that it can withstand Israeli aggression, regardless of the costs in terms of casualties and infrastructure to Lebanon, but also that it can wreak equal destruction on Israel. Given that Hezbollah is closer to a conventional army than a guerrilla group, it possesses capabilities that would enable it to inflict unprecedented harm on Israel. Unlike Hamas, Hezbollah’s vast arsenal of sophisticated weapons, including long-range and guided missiles, could paralyse civilian life across Israel and cause much devastation in an upcoming war. Over and above this, Hezbollah is now a regional power in its own right and the bedrock of the “ resistance axis ”, an alliance led by Iran that includes Syria and Yemen’s Ansarullah, as well as Palestinian groups such as Hamas and the Islamic Resistance in Iraq. All of these actors are already involved in this stage of the conflict. Nasrallah made a threat in 2017 that “hundreds of thousands” of fighters from these allied countries would expand and deepen their involvement in the “great war” against Israel should a second front with Lebanon be opened.

Hezbollah’s ideal scenario is to return to the post-8 October rules of engagement, a period defined by tit-for-tat skirmishes along the Israel-Lebanon border, which would require that Israel absorb its response and de-escalate. Beyond that, its ultimate objective is for a ceasefire to take hold. Both of these aims depend on whether or not Israel, which is incapable of confronting Hezbollah on its own, is seeking to drag the US into a full-blown regional war. Should that be the case, the US remains the linchpin that will determine if and how this war will escalate.

Amal Saad is a lecturer in politics and international relations at Cardiff University

Do you have an opinion on the issues raised in this article? If you would like to submit a response of up to 300 words by email to be considered for publication in our letters section, please click here .

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ghost dictionary meaning

Economics & data editor @EdConwaySky

Friday 29 December 2023 17:53, UK

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Ed Conway

How to sum up a year like 2023?

Perhaps the best thing to say is that it was considerably less exciting - as far as the economics went - than 2022.

And that's probably no bad thing, because in 2022 much of what passed for excitement was extremely painful: the onset of a cost of living crisis which caused the biggest fall in British standards of living in modern record, a financial meltdown in the wake of Liz Truss 's mini-budget .

The plan, when Rishi Sunak and Jeremy Hunt came into office, was always to make the economy boring again, and to some extent they succeeded.

Most obviously, while the government's cost of borrowing did later rise to above the Truss era levels, it was largely down to higher inflation expectations and not to fears over the credibility of UK government policy.

This time last year, most people assumed - present company included - that 2023 would be a year of recession for the UK.

And for much of the year that's precisely what it looked like.

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France and Germany both tipped into technical recession (the definition of which is that you suffer two successive quarters of economic contraction). The UK was expected to do likewise.

Economic growth

UK CPI inflation slide 2

But somehow, it never happened.

At least, not quite.

Instead, the economy more or less flatlined for most of the year - though figures published by the Office for National Statistics just before Christmas showed the economy contracted slightly, by 0.1% in the third quarter.

Either way, this can hardly be held up as a positive result. Normally you'd expect the UK's gross domestic product to grow by around 2-2.5% each year.

However, a negligible amount of economic growth is more than most expected this year - even if (see below) it was helped by a colossal increase in migration.

Technically, this meant the prime minister met one of his much-publicised pledges he made to the country at the start of the year - to grow the economy.

As you can see from the chart, this isn't much to boast about, especially set against the pre-pandemic path, but it is certainly better than what many other European countries experienced.

The Cost of Living

Another of the prime minister's pledges was to halve inflation this year.

At the time he made it, this pledge looked pretty unspectacular, given a) controlling inflation is the Bank of England 's task, not the government's and, anyway, b) pretty much every economist was expecting inflation to halve this year anyway.

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ghost dictionary meaning

But over the course of the year inflation defied many of those economists' forecasts, with the upshot that by the summer that pledge looked quite risky.

But then, no sooner had inflation surprised on the upside, it surprised on the downside, falling faster than most economists expected.

UK CPI inflation slide 1

By the end of the year the consumer price index rate of inflation was down to 3.9% which is nearly in "normal" territory, albeit considerably higher than the Bank of England's 2% target.

But while that meant the rate was indeed halved (actually more than halved) over the year, this hardly ends the cost of living crisis.

After all, inflation is simply the rate at which prices are changing each year. And right now prices are still 15% higher than they were a couple of years ago.

It's that jump in levels which is causing severe economic hardship right now.

Life is not getting any less expensive. It's just getting expensive a little slower than it was a year or so ago.

Interest rates

It's tempting to lump interest rates along with the other things that didn't turn out as bad as expected, but here the story is more complicated.

True: rates never rose to the 6% highs that were once expected around the time of the Truss mini-budget and also during the inflation spike during the Hunt chancellorship.

Slide 3 bank and mortgage rates

But they nonetheless rose far higher than most had expected at the start of the year, up to a peak of 5.25% . As the year ended, the Bank was still insisting that they would stay up there for some time (and some members were still voting for higher rates) but most investors believe they will be cut numerous times in the new year - down as far as 4% by the end of the year.

That has a bearing on the mortgage rates most of us pay, since fixed-rate mortgages are mostly priced off what's going on in financial markets rather than the Bank's official rate. The upshot was that the going rate for two and five-year fixed-rate mortgages were falling sharply by the end of the year.

Another hot topic this year was taxation .

The government insisted repeatedly that it wants to bring it down, and in the Autumn Statement, the chancellor announced a series of cuts to both workers' taxes and taxes on business investment.

The upshot was that the tax burden wasn't due to rise as high as it might otherwise have done.

Overall UK tax burden slide 4

However, the overall burden is still due to hit the highest level since the 1940s, in large part because of the fact that the levels at which people are pulled into higher tax bands has been frozen.

Higher wage inflation (due to the cost of living crisis) means more people are seeing their earnings taxed at those higher levels.

This so-called "fiscal drag" means the nation is shifting from being a medium-tax country to a high-tax country.

But so too are most developed nations, as the cost of running expensive healthcare systems rises, along with the average age of their populations.

While the government spent much of its energy talking about illegal immigration and the boats coming across the channel, the real quantitative story here was actually legal migration, which rose, according to the data released this year, to an unprecedented level of 745,000 in 2022.

 Slide 5

That rise was extraordinary by any standards.

When looked at as a share of the population, it amounts to comfortably the biggest rise in net migration since records began. And, strikingly, experts said that this was primarily a consequence of the new rules brought in after Brexit, which made it easier for workers and students from outside Europe to come to Britain.

Migration might have been a big issue during the EU referendum, but the numbers today are considerably higher than they were back then - but Britain has swapped EU migrants with those from outside the continent - primarily from India and China.

Colorado News | Definition of child abuse in Colorado law…

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Subscriber only, colorado news | definition of child abuse in colorado law should be narrowed, task force finds, task force was created to reform state’s mandatory reporting laws in wake of death of 7-year-old olivia gant.

DENVER, CO - DECEMBER 4:  Shelly Bradbury - Staff portraits at the Denver Post studio.  (Photo by Eric Lutzens/The Denver Post)

A statewide task force created to reform Colorado’s mandatory reporting laws cannot do so without first asking lawmakers to change the state’s definition of criminal child abuse and neglect, members wrote in a 12-page report published this week .

Colorado’s definition of criminal child abuse and neglect is too broad and should be narrowed to avoid conflating circumstances like poverty or homelessness with neglect and abuse, the task force members wrote in the report, which was published after the first year of the group’s two-year effort to reform the state’s mandatory reporting laws.

The group plans to meet for 11 hours in January and February in order to create recommendations for change in the child abuse statute, according to the report, which noted that the laws around child abuse in some states are more nuanced than Colorado’s, and are better designed to ensure cultural differences and socioeconomic statuses don’t drive unfounded child abuse cases.

After that piece is addressed, the task force then plans to return to studying and making recommendations for reform of the state’s mandatory reporting law, which requires dozens of types of professionals to report suspicions of child abuse to the state or law enforcement.

State lawmakers established the task force in 2022 following a Denver Post investigation into the 2017 death of 7-year-old Olivia Gant, a long-term patient at Children’s Hospital Colorado. In 2019, Olivia’s mother was accused of faking Olivia’s illnesses and manipulating doctors and nurses at Children’s into providing unnecessary and even life-threatening care. Originally charged with murder, the girl’s mother pleaded guilty to child abuse negligently resulting in death in 2022 and was sentenced to 16 years in prison.

Before Olivia died, some of her caregivers at Children’s Hospital Colorado suspected Olivia’s mother may have been medically abusing her, but the hospital did not alert any outside authorities to their suspicions until after Olivia’s death, despite the state’s mandatory reporting laws .

An attorney for Olivia Gant’s family, Hollynd Hoskins, said Wednesday that the task force seems to have been sidetracked into “extraneous details,” rather than focusing on practical, immediate changes that can be made to the mandatory reporting system to better protect children.

“Obviously the legislature acted specifically in Olivia Gant’s memory by creating this task force to enhance the mandatory reporting of child abuse to prevent her horrific death from happening to another child, because what happened to Olivia shocked everyone,” Hoskins said. “We are very disappointed in the task force’s interim report that so far fails to make important changes to enhance the reporting laws, leaving vulnerable children unprotected.”

The task force met for the first time in December 2022 and will meet through 2024. Lawmakers gave the group a list of 19 specific issues to examine that ranged from developing training for mandatory reporters to considering the disproportionate impact of mandatory reporting laws on communities of color, to clarifying how quickly suspicions of abuse must be reported. The mandates also included examining how suspected medical child abuse in particular should be handled.

The interim report doesn’t include any recommendations on changes to how medical child abuse is identified or reported, noted Michael Weber, an expert on medical child abuse and investigator with the Tarrant County Sheriff’s Office in Fort Worth, Texas.

“It’s a very different investigation from a normal child abuse investigation,” he said. “If you put in the boxes that (child protective services) normally put things in, you’re going to fail.”

The task force will turn to the specific 19 topics in more detail during its second year and make recommendations for change at the start of 2025, the group’s report said.

During the first year of work, the group picked out five themes for the reform:

  • The disproportionate impact of mandatory reporting laws on people of color
  • The current vague definition of child abuse
  • The need for a separate system for professionals to report concerns about families that don’t rise to the level of abuse and overreliance on the child protective system for such reports
  • The impact of the mandatory reporting laws on professionals who need to form “trusted relationships” with children and families

“The initial findings encapsulated in this report form the bedrock for future exploration,” the report reads.

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The boy faces a charge of assault on a police officer and he and two other teens in the car with him face charges of attempted murder in two attempted carjackings.

Crime and Public Safety | Colorado Springs police say 16-year-old shot by officer raised gun at sheriff’s deputy

The sole Aurora police officer convicted in Elijah McClain’s death was sentenced to 14 months in jail Friday with the option for work-release, avoiding the prison time sought by prosecutors in the high-profile case.

Crime and Public Safety | Only Aurora police officer convicted in Elijah McClain’s death receives 14-month jail sentence

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Definition of 'ghost'

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ghost in American English

Ghost in british english, examples of 'ghost' in a sentence ghost, more idioms containing ghost, related word partners ghost, trends of ghost.

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  1. Ghost Definition & Meaning

    ghost 1 of 2 noun ˈgōst plural ghosts Synonyms of ghost 1 : the seat of life or intelligence : soul give up the ghost 2 : a disembodied soul especially : the soul of a dead person believed to be an inhabitant of the unseen world or to appear to the living in bodily likeness 3 : spirit, demon 4 a : a faint shadowy trace a ghost of a smile b

  2. GHOST

    the spirit of a dead person, sometimes represented as a pale, almost transparent image of that person that some people believe appears to people who are alive: believe in ghosts Do you believe in ghosts? haunted by a ghost The gardens are said to be haunted by the ghost of a child who drowned in the river. Fewer examples

  3. GHOST Definition & Usage Examples

    ghost [ gohst ] show ipa See synonyms for: ghost ghosted ghoster ghostest on noun the soul of a dead person, a disembodied spirit imagined, usually as a vague, shadowy or evanescent form, as wandering among or haunting living persons. a mere shadow or semblance; a trace: He's a ghost of his former self.

  4. GHOST definition and meaning

    A ghost is the spirit of a dead person that someone believes they can see or feel. ...the ghost of Marie Antoinette. [ + of] The village is haunted by the ghosts of the dead children. [ + of] Synonyms: spirit, soul, phantom, spectre More Synonyms of ghost 2. countable noun

  5. Ghost Definition & Meaning

    GHOST meaning: 1 : the soul of a dead person thought of as living in an unseen world or as appearing to living people sometimes used figuratively; 2 : a very small amount or trace usually + of

  6. Ghost

    v t e In folklore, a ghost is the soul or spirit of a dead person or non-human animal that is believed to be able to appear to the living. In ghostlore, descriptions of ghosts vary widely, from an invisible presence to translucent or barely visible wispy shapes to realistic, lifelike forms.

  7. ghost, n. & adj. meanings, etymology and more

    In noun phrases. P.2.a. ghost of life (also life's ghost ): the animating or vital principle in humans and animals; that which gives life to the body, in contrast to its purely material being; the life force, the breath of life; = sense A.I.1. rare. With use in quot. 2001 cf. to give up the ghost.

  8. Ghost

    A ghost is the spirit of a person who's died. In most stories and myths, ghosts are pale, translucent, and wispy.

  9. GHOST

    the spirit of a dead person that appears to people who are alive: Do you believe in ghosts? a ghost story ghostly adjective a ghostly figure Idioms give up the ghost (Definition of ghost from the Cambridge Learner's Dictionary © Cambridge University Press) Translations of ghost in Chinese (Traditional) 鬼魂, 鬼,幽靈, 記憶… See more in Chinese (Simplified)

  10. ghost

    ( uncommon or dated) The spirit; the human soul . Synonyms: essence, soul, spirit; see also Thesaurus: ghost The disembodied soul; the soul or spirit of a deceased person; a spirit appearing after death. Synonyms: apparition, bogey, haint, phantom, revenant, specter, spook, wraith Everyone believed that the ghost of an old lady haunted the crypt.

  11. ghost

    ghost. From Longman Dictionary of Contemporary English Related topics: Folklore, Computers ghost1 /ɡəʊst $ ɡoʊst/ S3 noun [ countable] 1 spirit the spirit of a dead person that some people think they can feel or see in a place ghost of the ghost of Old Tom Morris They say the young girl's ghost still haunts (=often appears in) the house.

  12. ghost_1 noun

    Definition of ghost_1 noun in Oxford Advanced Learner's Dictionary. Meaning, pronunciation, picture, example sentences, grammar, usage notes, synonyms and more. ... Find out which words work together and produce more natural-sounding English with the Oxford Collocations Dictionary app. Try it for free as part of the Oxford Advanced Learner's ...

  13. ghost, v. meanings, etymology and more

    To have an unpleasant effect on or cause problems for (someone or something) continuously or repeatedly; (now usually) spec. to be a persistent and disturbing presence in the mind or thoughts of (a person). 1621 Aske not with him in the Poet,..what madnesse ghostes this old man, but what madnesse ghostes vs all?

  14. Ghost

    ghost (gōst) n. 1. The spirit of a dead person, especially one that is believed to appear to the living in bodily form or to haunt specific locations. 2. A person's spirit or soul: was sick for months and finally gave up the ghost. 3. A returning or haunting memory or image. 4. a. A slight or faint trace: just a ghost of a smile. b.

  15. GHOST Synonyms: 175 Similar and Opposite Words

    Definition of ghost 1 as in apparition the soul of a dead person thought of especially as appearing to living people looked for ghosts in the graveyard on Halloween Synonyms & Similar Words Relevance apparition spirit phantom haunt spectre wraith poltergeist specter zombie vampire shadow spook angel demon sprite bogy vision phantasm bogie

  16. What Is Ghosting? defines ghosting as "the practice of suddenly ending all contact with a person without explanation, especially in a romantic relationship."

  17. ghost

    ghost - WordReference English dictionary, questions, discussion and forums. All Free. | ... the spirit; soul (archaic, except in the phrase the Holy Ghost) a faint secondary image produced by an optical system; a similar image on a television screen, formed by reflection of the transmitting waves or by a defect in the receiver ...

  18. Ghost Definition & Meaning

    Ghost definition: The spirit of a dead person, especially one that is believed to appear to the living in bodily form or to haunt specific locations. Dictionary Thesaurus

  19. 27 Synonyms & Antonyms for GHOST

    View definitions for ghost noun as in spirit of the dead Compare Synonyms Antonyms Strongest matches Discover More Related Words Words related to ghost are not direct synonyms, but are associated with the word . Browse related words to learn more about word associations. composer of written work ghostwriter

  20. ghost

    The meaning of ghost. Definition of ghost. Best online English dictionaries for children, with kid-friendly definitions, integrated thesaurus for kids, images, and animations. Spanish and Chinese language support available

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  28. GHOST definition in American English

    1. countable noun A ghost is the spirit of a dead person that someone believes they can see or feel. ...the ghost of Marie Antoinette. Synonyms: spirit, soul, phantom, spectre More Synonyms of ghost 2. countable noun The ghost of something, especially of something bad that has happened, is the memory of it. ...the ghost of anti-Americanism.