July / August Issue No. 299  Preview Now

Yacht Design Terminology

By robin jettinghoff.

Lines drawing.

Our profile of yacht designer Paul Gartside in WB No. 230 included a number of design terms that space and style restrictions kept us from defining in the article. For those readers seeking a deeper understanding of the elements of design, here are the definitions of those terms—along with a few additional ones that were not listed in the article. — Robin Jettinghoff, Assistant Editor

Area of Wetted Surface: The hull’s surface below the waterline; what you cover with bottom paint. Besides determining the amount of bottom paint to buy, the area of wetted surface determines how much friction there is between the boat and the water. Minimize the wetted surface, and you maximize the speed. A boat flying on foil goes faster because it has none of its hull in the water; the only wetted surface is that of the foil.

Beam: The width of the hull measured perpendicular to the centerline of the hull. The beam is a significant factor in both carrying capacity and stability.

Maximum Beam (B or B MAX ): On a hull that flares toward the sheer, the maximum beam will be at the sheerline. On a hull with tumblehome , the maximum beam will be below the sheer. On a trimaran hull, the maximum beam of the main hull and the beam of the three hulls together are significantly different; the former gives a sense of the boat’s capacity, the latter, of its stability. The maximum beam is important when finding a slip in a marina, and is often a factor in racing rules.

Beam of Waterline (B WL ) : The maximum beam of the hull at the designed waterline. This is a factor in determining its displacement and prismatic coefficient .

Buttock Lines: In a set of lines plans, lines showing the underwater shape of the hull. In the profile view , they are seen as curved lines parallel to the centerline of the hull, spaced an even distance apart, showing how the shape of the hull changes moving outward from the centerline. In the plan view , which also shows the waterlines as curves, the buttock lines are at equal intervals and parallel to the longitudinal centerline of the hull. In the section view (seen from dead ahead or dead astern), they are vertical lines and parallel to the centerline of the hull.

Center of Buoyancy (CB): The center of volume of the underwater part of the hull, below the DWL. The water pushes on the hull with an upward force, centered on this point, keeping the hull afloat. As the hull moves through the water, the underwater shape changes and the CB moves, but it must stay in the same vertical line as the center of gravity or the hull will go out of trim. Designers need to know the longitudinal center of buoyancy (LCB) when the hull is at rest, so they can locate weights fore and aft of that point in such a way that keeps the hull in trim.

Center of Effort (CE): The geometric center of the sail area . A designer finds the CE of a sail by drawing a line from the midpoint of the luff of the sail to its clew. Then he draws a line from midpoint of the foot of the sail to the head of the sail. Where these lines cross is the center of effort of that sail.

To find the CE for the sail area of a main and jib, the designer computes the area and the location of the CE for the main and jib individually, then draws a line connecting their CEs. The CE of the two sails is on this line. Its location is in proportion to the areas of the two sails. For example, if the mainsail is 250 sq ft, and the jib is 100 sq ft, the jib is 100/250 or two-fifths of the area of the main. The CE would be two-fifths of the way along the line going from the main’s CE to the jib’s.

If the CE is too far aft of the CLR, the boat will have weather helm; if it is too far forward, it will have a lee helm.

Center of Gravity (CG): The weight of the vessel in the water creates a downward force that is concentrated at the center of gravity. The CG and center of buoyancy (CB) are opposing forces.

Center of Lateral Resistance (also called Center of Lateral Plane; CLR or CLP ): The geometric center of the profile of the underwater part of the hull. This is a center of balance. If you try to balance something on the tip of your finger, you move the object back and forth incrementally on your finger until it balances. Similarly, if an underwater force on the side of a hull is trying to push the hull at right angles to the force, and the force is the too far forward, the force will push the boat’s bow farther than it will the stern. If the force is too far aft, then the stern will be pushed farther than the bow. When the force is pushing on the balance point between these possibilities, the hull moves at right angles to the force. This point is the center of lateral resistance . The force of the wind is concentrated on the center of effort . Its location in relation to the CLR will determine if a boat has weather or lee helm.

A designer can find the CLR of a hull by tracing the underwater profile onto a piece of stiff paper. Then he cuts out this out and balances it on the edge of a ruler. Next he marks this line of balance, and rotates the hull profile, balances it again, and draws a second line showing where it balanced. The intersection point of these lines is the CLP.

Construction Method: The method of construction and materials used in building a boat. Both greatly affect the cost of a boat. One of the reasons fiberglass hulls became so popular was that they could be mass-produced more cheaply than wooden hulls. Boats have been built from wood, plywood, fiberglass, metal, combinations of composite materials, and concrete. Each has different properties in cost, ease of construction, strength, ease of repair, and accessibility of materials. The designer and owner together will discuss the pros and cons of the different methods to find the one that best fits the owner’s needs.

Deadrise Angle: The angle between the bottom of the hull and a horizontal plane drawn out from the hull’s centerline, looking at the hull sections. A steeper deadrise angle will mean the hull sharpens and narrows as it gets deeper, while a smaller angle means the hull bottom is flatter.

Displacement (Δ) : The underwater volume of a boat is equal to the volume of water it displaces. Underwater volume is expressed in cubic feet or meters; displacement is the weight of the water displaced, and is expressed in pounds, tons, or tonnes. A boat that has an underwater volume of 125 cubic feet displaces 125 cubic feet of water. This displaced water weighs 64 lbs per cu ft (in salt water, about 62.5 lbs/cu ft in fresh water); 125 x 64 = 8,000 lbs. Since the weight of that displaced water is equal to the weight of the entire boat, 8,000 lbs is the boat’s displacement .

A common demonstration of displacement can be done with a model boat, a bowl big enough to hold the boat, a shallow pan, a small scale, and enough water to fill the bowl. Put the bowl in the shallow pan, then fill the bowl with water up to the brim. Gently float the model in the water, and some of the water will overflow from the bowl into the pan. Weigh the water in the pan and weigh the model, and you will see they are same weight. The model weighs exactly the same as the water that it displaced.

Displacement/Length Ratio (Δ/L): The ratio between the LWL and the boat’s displacement. The formula is the displacement divided by 1/100th of the length of the LWL cubed, or Δ/.01LWL 3 , where the Δ is in tonnes (1 tonne = 2,240 lbs).

Draft: The maximum measurement from the designed waterline to the bottom of the hull. A boat with a centerboard will have two drafts. A sailing dinghy, such as Joel White’s Haven 12-1/2, will draw 18″ with the centerboard up, and 3′4″ with it down. Shallow-draft hulls, such as CARIB II (see WB No. 228), will often have centerboards so they can travel more easily in shallow water, such as that found in the Florida Keys and the Bahamas. Freeboard: The measurement from the designed waterline to the sheerline. This is most obviously demonstrated in a small dinghy with more than one adult aboard. As the weight inboard increases, the freeboard decreases. The freeboard is usually highest at the bow and lowest somewhere near amidships. The minimum freeboard is the number of most concern.

Interior Amenities: Cabin comforts and accommodations. To spend more than a few hours aboard a boat, people will need to consider their needs for food, water, rest, lighting, and elimination of wastes. Amenities aboard a boat might be as simple as a berth on the floor of the cockpit, a bucket, a candle lantern, and a portable stove. A weekender might have a small Coleman stove, a couple of battery-operated lamps, a V-berth, and Porta-Potti.

Offshore cruisers want the means for dealing with these fundamental human needs to be as convenient as they are at home. Lighting will need wiring and some source of power—perhaps a solar cell or generator. An efficient galley needs a sink, which requires a tank for fresh water, a hose from the tank to tap, and a drainpipe to deal with the wastewater. A galley stove needs some source of heat, requiring another tank and more hose. A head requires a sink with tank, hose, and drain, as well as a toilet with hoses for water in and water out, and a holding tank for the wastes. All of these systems add to the cost and complication of a design.

Length: The length of a hull as measured down its centerline. There are at least four descriptions of the length of a boat (see below); the length in question will depend upon what you are looking for. A marina manager wants to know the maximum length of the boat, so it can be seated in a slip. Racing rules are often concerned with the length of the load waterline. Designers working around these rules have led to some extreme hull forms in an effort to beat the rule constraints.

Length Overall ( LOA; sometimes Length of Hull ): The overall length of the hull. In a dinghy, this is relatively clear; with the boat out of the water, one can hold a tape measure down the centerline of the hull from the after side of the top of the transom to the forward edge of the stem. The measurement gets more complicated in a canoe with tumblehome stems, one whose stems curve inward as they rise from the waterline toward the top of the hull. For most motorboats and rowboats, the overall length is pretty evident. Rudders, anchor rollers, or other hull extensions are not included in this measurement.

Length on Deck (LOD): The length along the centerline of the deck, measured from its tip at the bow, the intersection of the deck line with the profile bow line, to the point where the deck meets the transom. This provides a better tool for estimating a boat’s carrying capacity than does overall length.

Load Waterline Length (LWL): The length of the hull measured at the waterline. When the designer draws the boat on the plans, he or she computes a plane on the hull where the boat will float in its expected operating condition. The actual waterline will vary from this in use. A fishing boat on its way out to the fishing grounds will float higher in the water than when it heads home fully loaded with fish. A cruising boat out for a weekend adventure will not have as much gear aboard as one fully loaded for an ocean passage. The designed waterline should lie between these two maximums.

The designed waterline (DWL) and load waterline (LWL) are usually in the same plane on the hull. The waterline length is the critical factor in determining the maximum speed of a displacement hull. Sailing boats with long overhangs at the bow and stern will increase their waterline length as they heel over while sailing; this increases their maximum speed potential.

A design will have several lines parallel to the LWL at set distances apart. These lines, also called waterlines , define the shape of the hull in plan view on the drawing board.

Sparred Length: The maximum reach from the tip of the bowsprit to the aftermost point of the boom. According the racing rules in place for the 1903 AMERICA’s Cup race, Nathanael Herreshoff’s RELIANCE was required to have a waterline length of no more than 90′. Herreshoff built her to be an extreme hull that still met the parameters required by the racing rules. Her measured waterline length was 90′, her hull length was 144′, and her sparred length was 201′.

Length-to-Beam Ratio (L/B): The ratio between the hull length and the maximum beam. This is a factor in the boat’s stability and speed. A sculling hull used by eight rowers has a length of about 50′ with a beam of about 2′, giving an L/B of 25. While a Cape Cod catboat might have a length of 22′, and a beam of 8′ giving an L/B of 2.75. As the L/B increases, the boat’s speed should also increase.

Offsets: A table of measurements taken vertically and horizontally that establish the shapes of the hull’s frames. The vertical measurements, or heights , are taken from a baseline established by the designer, either the DWL or a horizontal line parallel to the DWL below the boat’s profile as drawn on the plans. The heights are measured at equal intervals measured from the centerline of the hull. The lines joining the height measurements are called buttock lines . The horizontal measurements, or half-breadths , are taken from the boat’s longitudinal centerline. These are measured at equal intervals above and below the boat’s DWL. The lines joining the half-breadth measurements are called waterlines . The stations are measured at equal intervals from a forward perpendicular established by the designer.

Outside Ballast: Weight attached outside the main hull, as in a ballast keel, that lowers the CG and counterbalances the forces on the sails to keep the boat upright. A keel also provides lateral resistance to help prevent the sails from pushing the boat sideways in the water.

Prismatic Coefficient (C p ): The percentage of volume that a hull’s shape has when compared to a prism as long as the designed waterline, and the shape of the hull below the waterline at the largest hull section. For example, if the LWL was 25’, and the underwater cross-sectional area of the largest section was 12 sq ft, then the volume of that shape is 25 x 12 = 300 cu ft. But a boat does not have the same sectional shape all the way along its length; the actual volume of the hull is carved from this shape.

If you had a wood block in this shape, and carved the wood away until you only had the shape of the hull left, the volume of the material remaining is a percentage of the total volume of the block. This percentage is the prismatic coefficient . If you have 125 cu ft left, the boat has an underwater volume of 125 cubic feet; divide 125 into 300, and 125 is 42 percent of 300, so the Cp is .42. If you have 189 cu ft of underwater volume left, the Cp is 189 ÷ 300 = .63.

A lower C p means the boat’s volume is concentrated toward the middle of the boat. Hulls with a higher Cp move some of that volume toward the ends, increasing their speed and making them less inclined to pitch. If this coefficient is too high, wave drag increases, slowing the hull down. Most designers have a prismatic coefficient in mind for the hull they are designing.

Profile: The shape of the centerline of the hull as seen from the side. Most plans show the boat facing right so the profile is what you see from the right side. The profile is generally bounded on top by the sheerline, at the bow by the curve of the stem, underwater by the keel, and aft by the transom, with buttock lines showing the shape of the hull from the centerline outward. 

Propulsion: The method by which a boat moves through the water. If a designer is designing a powerboat, he or she must know the weight of the boat to determine the correct engine horsepower and propeller to drive the boat most effectively. A designer also recognizes that engines are heavy and must be placed in a boat so they don’t upset the boat’s trim. Also the engine’s controls must be connected to some kind of helm station—providing the helmsman with a throttle, a gearshift, and a steering wheel, stick, or tiller. The designer of a sailboat must cope with another force acting upon the boat: wind. The designer must determine how much sail area is needed to move the boat through the water, the amount of ballast necessary to counteract the force on the sails, and the location of the sails and rig to keep the boat in balance.

Righting Moment: The restoring force by which a hull resists heeling, created by the ballast keel and the form stability of the hull.

Sail Area (SA): The surface area of sails needed to drive the boat. The designer draws each sail on the plans, then divides the sails into triangles. Then he applies the familiar formula for determining the area of a triangle (area = ½ base x height or ½ bh) and computes the area of each triangle in each sail, then adds them up to get the total sail area. Boats with multiple headsails—like staysails, genoas, or spinnakers—will have different sail areas depending on what sails are flying. A designer determines the total sail area needed to drive a boat by looking at comparable designs. The published sail area of a design is usually the sum of the mainsail area and the foretriangle area, which is the area bounded by the mast, headstay, and deck.

Sections: The hull’s shape on vertical planes cut perpendicular to the boat’s centerline. A designer shows three views of the hull on the drawing board: its profile , or appearance from the side; its plan view , or appearance from the top or bottom; and its sections , or appearance from the bow and stern. All the lines defining the hull appear in all three views; but in each view, two of the line types are straight lines at right angles to each other, and the third type is curved. The hull sections show how the curve of the hull changes as it moves fore and aft.

Sheer: The curve along the top edge of the hull’s side, as seen on the profile view. A sheerline often sweeps downward from the bow toward somewhere around amidships, then sweeps up again as it heads toward the transom. Some boats have reverse sheers where the highest point is not at the bow but closer to amidships.

Speed-to-Length Ratio (S/L): A dimensionless ratio that indicates a hull’s hydrodynamic limitations of speed. A boat creates a bow wave as it moves through the water. As the boat’s speed increases, the wave gets bigger and creates more resistance for the hull to move through. A planing hull , with a typical S/L of 2.5 or so, can get up on plane and move over this wave, minimizing the resistance and letting the boat go faster. A displacement hull is too heavy to get over this wave. For a displacement hull, its limit of speed, or hull speed, is a Speed-to-Length Ratio of 1.34. For a displacement hull, its maximum speed is limited by its length. The formula for the S/L is the boat’s maximum speed divided by the square root of its length. In numbers, this looks like V/√L. So a 36’ cruising sailboat with a S/L of 1.34 has a maximum speed of 1.34 = V/√36. The square root of 36 is 6, so this formula now reads 1.34 = V/6, or multiplying both sides by 6 gives 1.34 x 6 = V, and V = 8.04 knots.

Stem: The forward part of the profile of the hull. The stem timber forms the forwardmost part of the hull, reaching from below the waterline up to the sheerline, providing a place for the planks to land in the hull’s construction. The sharp bend in the stem, usually just at the waterline, is called the forefoot. The angle of the stem to the water, and the angle of the planks to the stem, is a factor in whether a hull cuts through waves or slaps the top of them.

Transom: The after part of the profile of the hull. The transom spans between the hull sides at the aft end of the hull. It may have a sharp rake as on a Friendship sloop, or be nearly vertical as on some runabouts. Double-enders have no transom at all. Some commuter boats of the last century, such as APHRODITE, have a curving reverse transom, where the line of the deck curves over gracefully into the hull.

Underwater Volume: The measurement of the amount of the hull under the water in cubic feet or meters. The underwater volume and the boat’s displacement are two measurements of the same thing. The volume is measured in cubic feet or cubic meters, and the displacement is measured in pounds, kilograms, tons, or tonnes. See Displacement also.

Waterline: The hull’s shape on horizontal planes cut perpendicular to the boat’s centerline. A boat lying in the water floats with some percentage of the hull above the water and the remainder of the hull below the water. The waterline established by the designer is the plane that divides these two parts of the hull and is called the designed waterline , or DWL . The amount of hull within the water is a factor in determining the boat’s displacement, prismatic coefficient, and stability. The waterline of a small boat will shift when the crew changes position aboard. The waterline plane of a sailing monohull changes its shape significantly as the hull heels. People will often apply bottom paint to the load waterline and add a thin stripe (called a boottop) of contrasting paint just above it. The area of the hull above the waterline is called the topsides .

Weight: The weight of a boat. As with length, weight can depend on the situation in which you weigh the hull. The hull weight is the weight of the hull itself with nothing in it. Dinghies and skiffs often have little gear in them other than a pair of oars, so the hull weight is an accurate measure of their weight. If you add a motor to a small boat, then it weighs more, with most of the weight now at the stern. If you add passengers, they should be placed to balance the boat’s trim, so she will move more easily through the water.

For bigger boats, the hull holds water and fuel tanks, a deck, spars and sails, and interior furniture such as berths and a galley. When designing a boat, the designer places these items so that the boat stays level—much as you balance the crew of a dinghy as you carry them from dock to mooring. The designer also factors the weight of the crew into the design. Indeed, sailors count on the weight and placement of the crew to counter the forces of the wind on the sails. The weight of a boat and its displacement are the same thing.


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Yacht Design Basics

  • By Dudley Dawson
  • Updated: June 18, 2009

yacht design what is


You’ve seen superfluous claims in advertisements. Pronouncements such as, “We make no compromises in designing your new yacht,” “All of our yachts are built without compromise,” or “Don’t accept compromises in your new yacht,” are often overused. Well, as the boroughlimit sign says as you leave Brooklyn, fuhgeddaboudit.

Compromises are what yacht design and construction are all about. There is no perfect yacht for all situations, for all owners, for all sea and speed conditions. In fact, there is no yacht that is perfect even for one specific owner or situation, even if it’s custom-designed and built.

Every yacht, of necessity, will be a compromise. The key to success is knowing what the important factors and choices are, and making informed decisions about where your priorities lie. If you’re wise in your decisions, the resulting yacht, whether built just for you or by a production builder, should serve most of your needs.

Certainly you shouldn’t compromise on safety, you may be thinking. Well, let’s look at stability, arguably the most essential aspect of safety at sea. The more stability, the better, you say-but you’d be wrong. Stability is dependent to some extent on vertical center of gravity, but is also highly dependent on hull beam. The wider the boat, the greater the stability, but more beam also means more resistance and weight, and thus more horsepower and fuel, or less speed and range. Too little stability is dangerous, sure, but so is too much. Overly high stability means very quick rolling at sea, short rolls so fast they’re called “snap rolls”-violent accelerations that can knock guests off their feet or slam them into bulkheads, leading to serious injuries. They can stress the yacht’s structure to the point of failure.

Safety is also measured by range of positive stability, which indicates how many degrees a boat can roll before it capsizes. A broader range of positive stability, a good thing, requires a narrower, deeper hull. But it will roll more in moderate seas, and may mean more draft than you would like.

For a given length of boat, the amount of enclosed volume and open deck area can vary widely. The style and extent of superstructure affects accommodations, but also relates to windage, weight, power needs, and stability.

Top speed is another area that requires compromise. To add speed, you’re also adding horsepower, which means more weight and cost. It also may mean a planing hull-less efficient than a displacement hull at extended cruising speeds, so you’ll use more fuel even if you’re going slow.

Speaking of hull forms, you have lots of choices, each with positives and negatives. In addition to planing and displacement hulls, there’s the semi-displacement hull (or semi-planing), which isn’t really good at planing or running slow, but it isn’t really bad either. At the stern, you can have a fantail, cruiser stern, transom, or double-ender, each with virtues and faults. You can have a raked and flared bow to lift the boat above the waves, a plumb stem to moderate pitching, or even a reverse stem to plow through the waves with almost no pitching, but with the potential for lots of water on deck.

When considering hulls, you also have to decide how many you need. Monohulls are most popular, but that doesn’t mean they’re best for all applications. Catamarans and trimarans have their place, and with them, you have the choice of symmetrical or assymetrical hull shapes and sizes.

Even hull color can have significant effects. I love the look of dark hulls, but I wouldn’t have one because of the maintenance they require. In warm climates, the heat they absorb sends air conditioning requirements through the roof. Dark colors can also degrade hull materials if they’re not specially selected. I won’t go into hull materials, since we discussed them last month, but suffice to say you can choose from steel, aluminum, and several options in wood and composites.

Finally, there’s propulsion. It’s not just a choice of sail or power, gasoline or diesel or gas turbine, or batteries and solar cells. Choice of engine is only half the story: Couple that engine to a propeller, a waterjet, a surface drive, or a pod, or combine them for hybrid systems. And I haven’t seen a hermaphrodite brig for awhile, but there are plenty of sail-rig configurations to ponder.

I don’t want to put my broker friends on the spot, so let’s just say they’re misinformed when they offer a “no compromises” yacht. Look for yourself, recognize what compromises have been made, and decide whether they’re right for you and your style of yachting. The yacht won’t be perfect, but it may be close to perfect for you.

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Basics of Sailboat Hull Design – EXPLAINED For Owners

There are a lot of different sailboats in the world. In fact, they’ve been making sailboats for thousands of years. And over that time, mankind and naval architects (okay, mostly the naval architects!) have learned a thing or two.

If you’re wondering what makes one sailboat different from another, consider this article a primer. It certainly doesn’t contain everything you’d need to know to build a sailboat, but it gives the novice boater some ideas of what goes on behind the curtain. It will also provide some tips to help you compare different boats on the water, and hopefully, it will guide you towards the sort of boat you could call home one day.

Table of Contents

Displacement hulls, semi displacement hulls, planing hulls, history of sailboat hull design, greater waterline length, distinctive hull shape and fin keel designs, ratios in hull design, the hull truth and nothing but the truth, sail boat hull design faqs.

white yacht in body of water during daytime

Basics of Hull Design

When you think about a sailboat hull and how it is built, you might start thinking about the shape of a keel. This has certainly spurred a lot of different designs over the years, but the hull of a sailboat today is designed almost independently of the keel. 

In fact, if you look at a particular make and model of sailboat, you’ll notice that the makers often offer it with a variety of keel options. For example, this new Jeanneau Sun Odyssey comes with either a full fin bulb keel, shallow draft bulb fin, or very shallow draft swing keel. Where older long keel designs had the keel included in the hull mold, today’s bolt-on fin keel designs allow the manufacturers more leeway in customizing a yacht to your specifications.

What you’re left with is a hull, and boat hulls take three basic forms.

  • Displacement hull
  • Semi-displacement hulls
  • Planing hulls

Most times, the hull of a sailboat will be a displacement hull. To float, a boat must displace a volume of water equal in weight to that of the yacht. This is Archimedes Principle , and it’s how displacement hulled boats get their name.

The displacement hull sailboat has dominated the Maritimes for thousands of years. It has only been in the last century that other designs have caught on, thanks to advances in engine technologies. In short, sailboats and sail-powered ships are nearly always displacement cruisers because they lack the power to do anything else.

A displacement hull rides low in the water and continuously displaces its weight in water. That means that all of that water must be pushed out of the vessel’s way, and this creates some operating limitations. As it pushes the water, water is built up ahead of the boat in a bow wave. This wave creates a trough along the side of the boat, and the wave goes up again at the stern. The distance between the two waves is a limiting factor because the wave trough between them creates a suction. 

This suction pulls the boat down and creates drag as the vessel moves through the water. So in effect, no matter how much power is applied to a displacement hulled vessel, it cannot go faster than a certain speed. That speed is referred to as the hull speed, and it’s a factor of a boat’s length and width. 

For an average 38 foot sailboat, the hull speed is around 8.3 knots. This is why shipping companies competed to have the fastest ship for many years by building larger and larger ships.

While they might sound old-school and boring, displacement hulls are very efficient because they require very little power—and therefore very little fuel—to get them up to hull speed. This is one reason enormous container ships operate so efficiently. 

white sail boat on sea during daytime

Of course, living in the 21st century, you undoubtedly have seen boats go faster than their hull speed. Going faster is simply a matter of defeating the bow wave in one way or another.

One way is to build the boat so that it can step up onto and ride the bow wave like a surfer. This is basically what a semi-displacement hull does. With enough power, this type of boat can surf its bow wave, break the suction it creates and beat its displacement hull speed.

With even more power, a boat can leave its bow wave in the dust and zoom past it. This requires the boat’s bottom to channel water away and sit on the surface. Once it is out of the water, any speed is achievable with enough power. 

But it takes enormous amounts of power to get a boat on plane, so planing hulls are hardly efficient. But they are fast. Speedboats are planing hulls, so if you require speed, go ahead and research the cost of a speedboat . 

The most stable and forgiving planing hull designs have a deep v hull. A very shallow draft, flat bottomed boat can plane too, but it provides an unforgiving and rough ride in any sort of chop.

white and gray boat on sea during daytime

If you compare the shapes of the sailboats of today with the cruising boat designs of the 1960s and 70s, you’ll notice that quite a lot has changed in the last 50-plus years. Of course, the old designs are still popular among sailors, but it’s not easy to find a boat like that being built today.

Today’s boats are sleeker. They have wide transoms and flat bottoms. They’re more likely to support fin keels and spade rudders. Rigs have also changed, with the fractional sloop being the preferred setup for most modern production boats.

Why have boats changed so much? And why did boats look so different back then?

One reason was the racing standards of the day. Boats in the 1960s were built to the IOR (International Offshore Rule). Since many owners raced their boats, the IOR handicaps standardized things to make fair play between different makes and models on the racecourse.

The IOR rule book was dense and complicated. But as manufacturers started building yachts, or as they looked at the competition and tried to do better, they all took a basic form. The IOR rule wasn’t the only one around . There were also the Universal Rule, International Rule, Yacht Racing Association Rul, Bermuda Rule, and a slew of others. 

Part of this similarity was the rule, and part of it was simply the collective knowledge and tradition of yacht building. But at that time, there was much less distance between the yachts you could buy from the manufacturers and those setting off on long-distance races.

Today, those wishing to compete in serious racing a building boat’s purpose-built for the task. As a result, one-design racing is now more popular. And similarly, pleasure boats designed for leisurely coastal and offshore hops are likewise built for the task at hand. No longer are the lines blurred between the two, and no longer are one set of sailors “making do” with the requirements set by the other set. 

Modern Features of Sailboat Hull Design

So, what exactly sets today’s cruising and liveaboard boats apart from those built-in decades past? 

Today’s designs usually feature plumb bows and the maximum beam carried to the aft end. The broad transom allows for a walk-through swim platform and sometimes even storage for the dinghy in a “garage.”

The other significant advantage of this layout is that it maximizes waterline length, which makes a faster boat. Unfortunately, while the boats of yesteryear might have had lovely graceful overhangs, their waterline lengths are generally no match for newer boats. 

The wide beam carried aft also provides an enormous amount of living space. The surface area of modern cockpits is nothing short of astounding when it comes to living and entertaining.

If you look at the hull lines or can catch a glimpse of these boats out of the water, you’ll notice their underwater profiles are radically different too. It’s hard to find a full keel design boat today. Instead, fin keels dominate, along with high aspect ratio spade rudders. 

The flat bottom boats of today mean a more stable boat that rides flatter. These boats can really move without heeling over like past designs. Additionally, their designs make it possible in some cases for these boats to surf their bow waves, meaning that with enough power, they can easily achieve and sometimes exceed—at least for short bursts—their hull speeds. Many of these features have been found on race boats for decades.

There are downsides to these designs, of course. The flat bottom boats often tend to pound when sailing upwind , but most sailors like the extra speed when heading downwind.

Formentera Ship

How Do You Make a Stable Hull

Ultimately, the job of a sailboat hull is to keep the boat afloat and create stability. These are the fundamentals of a seaworthy vessel. 

There are two types of stability that a design addresses . The first is the initial stability, which is how resistant to heeling the design is. For example, compare a classic, narrow-beamed monohull and a wide catamaran for a moment. The monohull has very little initial stability because it heels over in even light winds. That doesn’t mean it tips over, but it is relatively easy to make heel. 

A catamaran, on the other hand, has very high initial stability. It resists the heel and remains level. Designers call this type of stability form stability.

There is also secondary stability, or ultimate stability. This is how resistant the boat is to a total capsize. Monohull sailboats have an immense amount of ballast low in their keels, which means they have very high ultimate stability. A narrow monohull has low form stability but very high ultimate stability. A sailor would likely describe this boat as “tender,” but they would never doubt its ability to right itself after a knock-down or capsize.

On the other hand, the catamaran has extremely high form stability, but once the boat heels, it has little ultimate stability. In other words, beyond a certain point, there is nothing to prevent it from capsizing. 

Both catamarans and modern monohulls’ hull shapes use their beams to reduce the amount of ballast and weight . A lighter boat can sail fast, but to make it more stable, naval architects increase the beam to increase the form stability.

If you’d like to know more about how stable a hull is, you’ll want to learn about the Gz Curve , which is the mathematical calculation you can make based on a hull’s form and ultimate stabilities. 

How does a lowly sailor make heads or tails out of this? You don’t have to be a naval architect when comparing different designs to understand the basics. Two ratios can help you predict how stable a design will be .

The first is the displacement to length ratio . The formula to calculate it is D / (0.01L)^3 , where D is displacement in tons and L is waterline length in feet. But most sailboat specifications, like those found on  sailboatdata.com , list the D/L Ratio.

This ratio helps understand how heavy a boat is for its length. Heavier boats must move more water to make way, so a heavy boat is more likely to be slower. But, for the ocean-going cruiser, a heavy boat means a stable boat that requires much force to jostle or toss about. A light displacement boat might pound in a seaway, and a heavy one is likely to provide a softer ride.

The second ratio of interest is the sail area to displacement ratio. To calculate, take SA / (D)^0.67 , where SA is the sail area in square feet and D is displacement in cubic feet. Again, many online sites provide the ratio calculated for specific makes and models.

This ratio tells you how much power a boat has. A lower ratio means that the boat doesn’t have much power to move its weight, while a bigger number means it has more “get up and go.” Of course, if you really want to sail fast, you’d want the boat to have a low displacement/length and a high sail area/displacement. 

Multihull Sailboat Hulls

Multihull sailboats are more popular than ever before. While many people quote catamaran speed as their primary interest, the fact is that multihulls have a lot to offer cruising and traveling boaters. These vessels are not limited to coastal cruising, as was once believed. Most sizable cats and trimarans are ocean certified.

Both catamarans and trimaran hull designs allow for fast sailing. Their wide beam allows them to sail flat while having extreme form stability. 

white sailboat on sea near green mountain under blue sky during daytime

Catamarans have two hulls connected by a large bridge deck. The best part for cruisers is that their big surface area is full of living space. The bridge deck usually features large, open cockpits with connecting salons. Wrap around windows let in tons of light and fresh air.

Trimarans are basically monohulls with an outrigger hull on each side. Their designs are generally less spacious than catamarans, but they sail even faster. In addition, the outer hulls eliminate the need for heavy ballast, significantly reducing the wetted area of the hulls. 

Boaters and cruising sailors don’t need to be experts in yacht design, but having a rough understanding of the basics can help you pick the right boat. Boat design is a series of compromises, and knowing the ones that designers and builders take will help you understand what the boat is for and how it should be used. 

What is the most efficient boat hull design?

The most efficient hull design is the displacement hull. This type of boat sits low in the water and pushes the water out of its way. It is limited to its designed hull speed, a factor of its length. But cruising at hull speed or less requires very little energy and can be done very efficiently. 

By way of example, most sailboats have very small engines. A typical 40-foot sailboat has a 50 horsepower motor that burns around one gallon of diesel every hour. In contrast, a 40-foot planing speedboat may have 1,000 horsepower (or more). Its multiple motors would likely be consuming more than 100 gallons per hour (or more). Using these rough numbers, the sailboat achieves about 8 miles per gallon, while the speedboat gets around 2 mpg.

What are sail boat hulls made of?

Nearly all modern sailboats are made of fiberglass. 

Traditionally, boats were made of wood, and many traditional vessels still are today. There are also metal boats made of steel or aluminum, but these designs are less common. Metal boats are more common in expedition yachts or those used in high-latitude sailing.

yacht design what is

Matt has been boating around Florida for over 25 years in everything from small powerboats to large cruising catamarans. He currently lives aboard a 38-foot Cabo Rico sailboat with his wife Lucy and adventure dog Chelsea. Together, they cruise between winters in The Bahamas and summers in the Chesapeake Bay.

yacht design what is

BK Yacht Design


In the world of boat design and naval architecture, curiosity abounds. Enthusiasts, aspiring designers, and seasoned professionals alike often find themselves grappling with a myriad of questions about this intricate and fascinating field. This article delves into the frequently asked questions posed to boat designers and my personal response to these questions.

1. What’s the difference between Yacht design and Naval architecture?

Yacht design typically refers to the aesthetic and functional design of leisure boats, such as sailboats and motorboats. Naval architecture, on the other hand, involves the engineering and technical design of boats, including the hull, propulsion, and stability. Refer to this detailed article: DIFFERENTIATING ROLES OF A BOAT DESIGNER & NAVAL ARCHITECT

2. Can you create custom designs as per the requirements?

Yes, I have specialized in making customized designs over the years, I usually offer custom design services to meet the specific needs and preferences of clients.

3. What is the cost of your design services?

The fee for a boat design project can vary depending on the scope and complexity of the project. It is important to discuss and agree on the fee before starting work. We offer competitive pricing and are happy to work with clients to develop a budget that meets their needs. Refer to this detailed article: DECODING BOAT DESIGN COSTS: AN IN-DEPTH LOOK AT MILESTONES

4. What types of boats do you design?

I have expertise in designing a wide range of boats, including workboats, sailboats, rigid Inflated boats, racing boats, and luxury yachts.

5. How do I get started with the boat design process?

To get started with the boat design process, please contact us to schedule a consultation. During the consultation, we will discuss your specific needs and preferences and provide a quote for our design services. We will ask questions about the intended use of the boat, the number of passengers it will need to accommodate, and any specific features or amenities that the client would like to include. Once we have all the necessary information, we will begin the design process. Refer to this detailed article: DESIGN SPIRAL OF BOATS: THE COMPLETE ITERATIVE PROCESS

6. Do you have existing designs that you can license to others?

It is possible to offer existing designs for licensing to builders. This can be a cost-effective option for you if you are looking for a ready-made design that can also be modified to meet your needs for an additional charge.

7. Does a customized design cost more than stock designs?

Customized design projects typically involve more time and effort on the part of the designer, and as a result, may be expensive than stock designs. Before every new customized project, lots of study and research go into it. However, the cost can vary depending on the specifics of the project. Refer to this detailed article: CUSTOMIZED DESIGN VS STOCK DESIGN: A BOAT BUYER’S GUIDE

8. Can you tell me more about your background and experience?

I am a designer and engineer with experience in both fields and a proven track record. You can find more information about my background and experience on my “ ABOUT ME ” page.

9. How many boats have you designed?

I have worked on over 50 projects, including complete, partial, and supporting projects. You can see some of the boats that I have designed on my “ PROJECTS ” page.

10. What materials you are capable of designing?

I have designed boats using materials such as HDPE, FRP composites, and aluminum. The choice of material can depend on the intended use and performance requirements of the boat.

11. Which rules do you follow for your designs?

I follow various rules and regulations in the design work, depending on the country or region where the boat will be used and the intended use of the boat. This can include safety regulations, construction standards, and environmental regulations. I often use ISO small craft standards in my design work.

12. Do you have clients worldwide?

Yes, I have worked with clients from a variety of countries, including India, the Maldives, Australia, the United States, the United Kingdom, the Netherlands, Spain, and Brazil.

13. Do you also build boats yourself or are you only involved in the design process?

I am only involved in the design process, but I do have connections with boat yards around the world. Sometimes, I may supervise the production process as an additional service if requested by the client.

14. Can you recommend a boat builder to me?

Yes, I can recommend a builder that meets your needs, that I have worked with in the past or that has a good reputation in the industry.

15. How long does the design process typically take?

The design process can take anywhere from a few weeks to several months, depending on the complexity of the project and the level of customization desired by the client. It is important to discuss and agree on a timeline together before beginning work

16. Where are you located?

I am located in Italy, and I occasionally travel for work. I also encourage meeting in person if you are in Europe. CONTACT ME

17. Do you offer after-sales support or assistance with boat building?

Yes, my quotes often include support during the construction process as well. All current projects are done in this way.

Our exploration through the “Frequently Asked Questions to a Boat Designer: A Compilation” has provided a comprehensive overview of the most pressing and intriguing queries in the field of boat design and naval architecture.


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6 of the best yacht design courses to kick-start your career

Yacht design and production beng.

Although many of the world’s top superyacht designers had no formal training, taking a yacht design course can be a great way to kick-start your career and make vital industry connections. We round up five of the best.

Southampton Solent University’s Yacht Design and Production Course has an international reputation and for good reason, as it features guest lectures from BMT Nigel Gee and work experience placements at Sunseeker International . Students on this three-year course study the engineering science behind great yacht design as well as the fundamental principles of naval architecture. A foundation year is available, as well as opportunities to study abroad. Notable successes include the class of 2014, who built the foiling catamaran Solent Whisper (pictured above).

Yacht Design Diploma

Based in the American town of Arundel, Maine, the Landing School offers a wide range of courses in marine technology. Its Yacht Design Diploma boasts a 100% employment rate for former students and bursaries are available via the Women in the Marine Industry scholarship. Alumni have gone on to work for the America’s Cup team Artemis Racing (pictured above).

Yacht Design 1st Level Masters

Offered as a postgraduate course, the Yacht Design 1st Level Masters at Milan’s ISAD design school is intended for students who have a degree in architecture, engineering or design. Taught in both English and Italian, this one-year course culminates in an industry placement, and guest speakers include  Mario Pedol  (who designed the 180 metre  Azzam  — pictured), and  Andrea Vallicelli .

Yacht and Boat Design Diploma

The Westlawn Institute has been teaching yacht design for more than 80 years, and currently offers an online distance-learning programme. The Yacht and Boat Design course is taught by tutors based in the USA and Australia, and is accredited by the Royal Institute of Naval Architects in London. This one-year diploma features modules on construction, engineering and CAD. Famous alumni include Douglas Zurn , Tom Fexas and Geoffrey Van Aller , who is responsible for the design of many of the top 50 largest US-built yachts , such as the 73 metre Cocoa Bean (pictured above).

Automotive and Transport Design MDes/BA

A slightly left field option perhaps, but automotive design is one of the key fields that influences yacht design . This three to four-year undergraduate course at Coventry University is held in particularly high regard for its strong industry connections. Former students who have gone on to make a name for themselves in the superyacht world include Jonny Horsfield (whose H2 Yacht Design studio created the exteriors for the 123 metre Project Jupiter  — pictured above), and Steve Gresham.

Naval Architecture and Marine Engineering MEng

In recent years, there has been a trend towards students using naval architecture courses as a route into yacht design, as James Roy from BMT Nigel Gee explains: "It used to be that if you attended a traditional naval architecture degree then you would spend most of your time learning things about big merchant ships, but that is not the case anymore.

"Most university degrees are now geared to provide modular approaches, and the naval architecture and engineering of smaller and specialist vessels, such as yachts, are included."

This four-year course at the University of Strathclyde in Glasgow is a case in point — providing a broad basis for understanding how a wide variety of vessels work, from luxury yachts to commercial ships. The faculty also owns a 10 metre sailing yacht called Catalina (pictured above), which students can hire for as little as £30 per day.

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Design process

Getting to know you and what is important for you is the foundation on which we build your dream boat.

The process of yacht design

Drawing is just a small part of turning your ideas into a final design. Most of it is talking, asking questions, thinking, more talking and coffee. A lot of coffee.

Yacht exterior design

Using existing hull designs can shorten the lead time of your build. Hulls we’ve built before can be perfectly suited for your ideas. Drawings can simply be ordered form the naval architect and building can commence relatively quick.

Yacht interior design

Knowing the hull type, we can take your wishes and put them in a preliminary design. This will be a rough outline of the general arrangement (interior layout), a sail plan, a lateral view of the underwater hull and a deck plan. Together with you and the architect we can tweak this plan into a final design.

Building a yacht: step by step plan

After a first contact, usually by phone or email, we make an appointment to meet. Face to face, digital or in the flesh, whatever works best for you. We discuss initial ideas, wishes and demands. We want to get to know you and your sailing intentions, so we understand what kind of boat fits you. When we have a general idea of the intended use, the size, hull shape, riging wishes and budget, that’s when we can start sketching.

We draw our initial designs. Top view, side views. These sketches form the basis of a process that can take anything from a couple of months to more than a year. There are many choices to make. Shape, size, exterior, interior, materials, number of masts, huts, bunks, engine type to name but a few. After each round of schetches we discuss the design choices. If they meet your demands and how they have consequences for other wishes you might have. You can imagine how for example the choice for a lifting keel influences the interior.

Prepare for building

When the final drawings are approved, we can prepare for hull building. This means breaking the whole design down to a list of all parts and materials and checking their availability. Once we know when we can have all necessary materials, we can start planning the build.

Start building

The day we start the actual build is a special day. If in any way possible the owners are present and get the honour of performing the first weld, much like laying the first brick when building a new house.

When the hull is done and it is time to build the interior, we ideally make a mockup of the yacht so we can walk you through it and make sure we’re still on the right track.

Finishing touch

Now it’s time for finishing, electricity, plumbing and then we’re ready for testing.

Before we can launch, we test everything inside. Water, plumbing, lights, gas and if everything works as planned, it time to launch.

Launch time

The moment everybody has been waiting for. Launch time. But the yacht isn’t finished yet. The next step still holds some essential parts.

Getting ready

Mast, rigging and sails are installed. Quite important for a sail boat.

Now your yacht is ready to be tested in the field, or in our case in the lake, the IJsselmeer.

And then, after what usually has been more than 12 months, we can hand the ownership officially over to you.

A custom built yacht is unique. There is no way of knowing beforehand that what looked like an excellent idea on paper, will perform exactly as expected. So after a few weeks of sailing, you might want to come back and have some options changed or added. This is normal and we still have to build our first yacht that doesn’t need a few tweaks here and there before its new owners are perfectly happy.

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From The First Superyacht To Modern Yacht Design: A Look At How Luxury Vessels Have Changed Over the Years

Discover just how far has modern yacht design evolved over the last centuries, from the steam-powered vessels of yesteryear to their streamlined successors..

September 3, 2020, 1:56 pm Comments Off on From The First Superyacht To Modern Yacht Design: A Look At How Luxury Vessels Have Changed Over the Years

How Modern Yacht Design Has Evolved Over the Years

Modern yacht design has evolved tremendously since the world’s first ‘superyacht’, Cleopatra’s Barge, emerged from Retire Becket’s shipyard in Salem, Massachusetts, to gasps of admiration from the awe-struck crowds that had gathered on the docks.

The 25m, 192t brigantine had been built at the cost of $50,000 for a wealthy merchant named Captain George Crowninshield Jr. who then went on to sail America’s first-ever pleasure boat across the Atlantic to Europe in 1817.

How Modern Yacht Design Has Evolved Over the Years

Cleopatra’s Barge was particularly noteworthy as it was opulently furnished, with reports of exotic cabin fittings and beautiful multi-coloured stripes on her elegant hull. No one had ever seen anything like her; and so the first superyacht was born.

Fast forward more than 200 years and there are now said to be more than 5,500 superyachts in the world, of all shapes and sizes (a superyacht is simply defined as a pleasure boat over 24m) and each and every one an example of stunning luxury yacht design.

From luxurious barges to modern yacht design: what’s changed (and what hasn’t)

The first sailing yachts date back to the 1600s, when they became popular modes of transport for the Dutch navy. The word yacht came from the Dutch word ‘jacht’, meaning to hunt, as the sailing boats were built to be light and fast so that they could hunt down and chase pirates.

Originally working vessels, yachts then became the playthings of royalty, with Charles II using a yacht to sail from England to Holland in 1620.

Sail yachts were swapped for steam yachts in the mid 19th century by the wealthy and well-to-do, with the first British royal yacht the Victoria & Albert being completed in 1843. These steam yachts were usually motored by one or two steam engines, and whilst they carried rigging for sails, this was usually just for show.

In fact, these ‘ superyachts ’ became a real indicator of wealth amongst leading families in America, with names such as the Vanderbilts, Goulds, Morgans, Bennetts and Hearsts all competing to come up with the best luxury yacht design . One of the most famous steam yachts at the time was the North Star, built in 1852 for the then richest man in the United States, Cornelius Vanderbilt.

Steam yachts remained the queen of the oceans for almost a century, with two world wars halting technical developments somewhat. Indeed, many superyachts were commandeered to transport freight during the first and second world wars with some, such as the legendary Christina O, serving as a frigate in World War II before being transformed into a luxury vessel. Christina O was bought by Aristotle Onassis in 1954 for $34,000. The Greek shipping magnate then spent $4 million on the refurbishment, which famously included a bronze-edged swimming pool with a mosaic dance floor that rises up at the push of a button.

How Modern Yacht Design Has Evolved Over the Years

Luxury yacht design in the 1980s

The late 20th century saw a huge increase in the number and size of superyachts for sale, sparked by an improvement in communications equipment and a growth in the number of wealthy people able to buy their own vessel. New technological advances meant it was possible to easily travel anywhere in the world on larger superyachts, with room for whole families, staff and dedicated crew.

All of a sudden, modern yacht designs had to incorporate home cinemas, fully functional gyms, helipads and water toys galore to cater to wealthy families and their friends. Multi-deck superyachts became popular, such as ‘ Al Salamah ’, a 139m vessel with five decks built by Lurssen in 1999. At the time of her construction, Al Salamah was the third largest yacht in the world, boasting accommodation for 36 guests, a cinema, an onboard hospital, two full-time beauticians, a business centre and a spa. Yet the 162m superyacht ‘Dubai’, by Platinum Yachts, dwarfed Al Salamah when she was completed two years later with her eight decks, on which you can find a helipad, two 33ft chase boats, a squash court and 20 jet skis.

How Modern Yacht Design Has Evolved Over the Years

Modest modern yacht designs – a legacy of the financial crisis

When the financial crisis struck in 2008, the superyacht industry was impacted on a global scale, with fewer buyers, charter clients and investors almost overnight. Less became more in luxury yacht design , with the superyacht community choosing smaller, more inventive and innovative vessels over larger multi-decks.

Sailing superyachts are also seeing a resurgence, partly due to the growth of sailing regattas, events which bring the yachting community together for days of weeks filled with fun and excitement.

Once considered a ‘jolly’ where the apres-sailing was taken more seriously than the sailing, many owners are now wanting to compete on superyachts which can actually take home the prize. Composite hulls are increasingly popular, with lifting keels and other features to ensure the yachts are race-fit.

Another modern yacht design that has emerged since the early 21st century is the expedition superyacht, where vessels are designed not only to look elegant but be capable of travelling to the ends of the earth, even in unfavourable conditions.

‘Cloudbreak’ by Abeking & Rasmussen is a good example of an explorer superyacht that was completed in 2016. Boasting all the traditional toys such as a helicopter, spa and cinema room, this 75m exploration yacht named after a mythical wave in Fiji also has a chalet-like fireplace for chilly evenings, a winter garden on the upper deck and zero speed stabilisers to reduce rolling motion in faraway seas.

How Modern Yacht Design Has Evolved Over the Years

Environmentally-friendly luxury modern designs

A concern for the environment and a need for sustainability is very much at the forefront of new modern yacht designs, with owners and shipbuilders both looking to use eco-friendly technologies wherever possible.

Ground-breaking technologies include hybrid propulsion systems which use multiple energy sources to lower carbon emissions and reduce noise pollution to the marine wildlife. An example of a yacht which uses such a system is the award-winning Black Pearl, a 106m yacht delivered by Oceanco in 2018. Her hybrid propulsion system combines wind power with two electric propulsion motors, and its controllable pitch propellers generate enough energy to take the Black Pearl across the Atlantic without any fuel at all.

Another brilliant green innovation can be seen on French designer Julien Cadro’s ‘ Ecoo ’ superyacht, which has an Avatar styled hull made out of bamboo fibre instead of steel, while superyacht designer Dan Lenard has designed a yacht made from abandoned performance yacht parts. Eco sailors looking for the perfect superyacht will unfortunately not yet be able to buy one of Lenard’s new recycled boats, however. The designer has only built the 33ft sailboat so he can sail single-handedly across the Atlantic and raise awareness of the state of the world’s oceans.

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yacht design what is

The Garden House in the City by Christos Pavlou Architecture

yacht design what is

Casa 1/3 by Momento

9 Types of Boat Hull Designs and Their Advantages

Imagine gliding through the crystal-clear waters, the gentle breeze kissing your face as your boat slices through the waves effortlessly. While the allure of the open sea is undeniable, what often goes unnoticed is the intricate dance between water and hull that makes this experience possible. Boat hull designs, the unsung heroes of maritime engineering, play a pivotal role in shaping a boat’s performance, handling, stability, and overall characteristics. Whether you’re an avid sailor, a leisurely cruiser, a competitive racer, or a dedicated angler, the type of hull beneath your vessel can make all the difference in your aquatic adventures.

Just as each sailor has their unique voyage, every body of water has its own temperament. The marriage between hull design and boating needs is a testament to the versatility of maritime engineering. From tranquil lakes and meandering rivers to tumultuous oceans and challenging bays, different conditions necessitate distinct hull designs. A flat-bottomed hull might offer stability and shallow-water access for a peaceful day on a calm lake, while a deep-V hull could provide the agility and seaworthiness required to navigate through unpredictable ocean swells. As the water varies, so do the demands on the boat’s performance, and it’s the hull’s responsibility to rise to the occasion.

In this comprehensive guide, we embark on a journey through the fascinating world of boat hull designs. We’ll navigate the intricate waters of hull anatomy, exploring the nuances of design that distinguish one type from another. Whether you’re a seasoned sailor or a novice boater, this guide aims to provide you with a deep understanding of the various types of boat hull designs and the unique advantages they offer. So, whether you’re seeking the thrill of high-speed racing, the tranquility of leisurely cruising, the art of angling, or the adventure of exploration, your choice of hull design can be your most steadfast companion on the water, shaping your experience in ways you might never have imagined.

The Role of Boat Hull Designs

At the heart of every boat’s performance and characteristics lies its hull design—an engineering masterpiece that defines how the vessel interacts with its aquatic environment. The hull is not merely the shell that holds the boat together; it is a dynamic and intricate component that significantly influences various aspects of boating. From stability to speed, maneuverability to efficiency, the hull design serves as the cornerstone upon which a boat’s capabilities are built.

Stability is perhaps one of the most fundamental attributes affected by hull design. The shape and dimensions of the hull determine how the boat sits in the water, its resistance to rolling, and its ability to maintain an even keel. A wider, flat-bottomed hull offers greater initial stability, making it well-suited for activities such as fishing or leisurely cruising. On the other hand, a narrower hull with a deep-V shape might sacrifice some initial stability in favor of better handling in rough waters and higher speeds.

Speed, a quintessential aspect of boating pleasure, is another realm where hull design takes center stage. The interaction between the hull and water directly impacts how efficiently the boat moves through its medium. A sleek, streamlined hull can reduce drag and enhance hydrodynamics, allowing the boat to achieve higher speeds with less effort. Racing vessels often feature hulls with minimal surface contact, optimizing for speed and agility. Conversely, a displacement hull, designed for displacement-style cruising, is engineered to glide efficiently through the water at lower speeds, making it perfect for long-distance journeys.

Maneuverability, closely intertwined with both stability and speed, hinges on the boat’s hull shape. A hull’s responsiveness to steering inputs, its ability to carve sharp turns or navigate confined spaces, and its resistance to skidding are all influenced by its design. A planing hull, characterized by a flatter shape, can rise up and skim the water’s surface at higher speeds, enhancing maneuverability and responsiveness. In contrast, a hull with a rounded shape might prioritize stability over nimbleness, making it a better fit for leisurely cruising.

Efficiency is a goal that transcends mere performance, impacting the boat owner’s wallet and environmental footprint. The right hull design can significantly affect fuel consumption and overall energy efficiency. A well-designed hull minimizes drag, reducing the amount of power needed to propel the boat forward. This translates to cost savings and a reduced impact on the environment.

Choosing the right hull design is not just an exercise in aesthetics or engineering prowess; it’s a critical decision that directly influences the quality of your boating experiences. Whether you’re seeking the thrill of high-speed runs, the peaceful tranquility of a calm lake, or the efficiency of long-haul cruising, understanding the intricacies of hull design is essential. By aligning your boating aspirations with the right hull design, you can unlock the full potential of your vessel and create memorable adventures on the water.

1. Flat Bottom Hull

A flat bottom hull design refers to a type of boat or watercraft hull that has a relatively flat, wide base with minimal curvature or V-shape. Unlike other hull shapes that have pronounced keels or V-shaped bottoms, a flat bottom hull is characterized by its even and level surface along the entire width of the boat’s bottom. This design is commonly used in various types of boats, ranging from small recreational boats to larger vessels used for specific activities.

Advantages of Flat Bottom Hulls:

  • Shallow Water Navigation: One of the primary advantages of flat bottom hulls is their ability to navigate in shallow waters. The absence of a deep keel or pronounced V-shape allows these boats to travel in waters with low depths, such as marshes, lakes with fluctuating water levels, and coastal areas.
  • Stability: Flat bottom hulls tend to offer enhanced stability compared to other hull designs. The broad base distributes the boat’s weight over a larger surface area, resulting in reduced rocking and swaying. This stability can be especially beneficial for passengers and crew, making the boat suitable for various activities, including leisure cruising and fishing.
  • Calm Water Conditions: Flat bottom hulls are well-suited for calm water conditions, such as lakes, ponds, and slow-moving rivers. Their design minimizes resistance, making them efficient for leisurely cruises and relaxed outings. These hulls are not as well-suited for rough seas or choppy waters, as they lack the ability to cut through waves effectively.
  • Maneuverability: The flat bottom design allows for improved maneuverability, particularly at lower speeds. This makes them suitable for activities like fishing, where precise positioning and control are essential. Additionally, their ability to turn in tight spaces can be advantageous for activities like navigating through narrow channels or docking in confined areas.
  • Ease of Construction: Flat bottom hulls are generally simpler to construct compared to more complex hull designs. This can result in cost savings in terms of both materials and labor, which may contribute to more affordable boat options for consumers.
  • Simplicity and Versatility: Due to their straightforward design, flat bottom hulls are versatile and can be adapted for various purposes. They can be used for fishing, pleasure cruising, transportation, and even as workboats in certain industries.
  • Beaching: The flat bottom design enables boats to be easily beached or grounded in shallow waters without causing damage to the hull. This can be useful for activities like picnicking or making temporary stops in shallow areas.

Flat bottom hulls are known for their shallow water navigation capabilities, stability, and suitability for calm water conditions. They are particularly well-suited for activities like fishing due to their maneuverability and ease of use in various environments. However, their design limits their effectiveness in handling rough seas or high-speed applications. When choosing a boat with a flat bottom hull, it’s important to consider the intended use and the specific water conditions in which the boat will be operated.

2. V-Shaped Hull

A V-shaped hull design is a type of boat or watercraft hull characterized by a pronounced V-shape along the bottom of the hull. This design features two sloping sides that come together at a keel or centerline, forming a pointed V at the bow (front) of the boat. The degree of the V-shape can vary, with some hulls having a deeper V angle and others having a shallower angle. V-shaped hulls are commonly used in a variety of watercraft, from small recreational boats to larger vessels designed for specific purposes.

Advantages of V-Shaped Hulls:

  • Smoother Ride in Rough Water: One of the primary advantages of V-shaped hulls is their ability to provide a smoother ride in rough water conditions. The V-shaped hull is designed to cut through waves and choppy waters, reducing the impact of waves on the boat and minimizing the discomfort experienced by passengers. This makes V-shaped hulls particularly well-suited for offshore or open water boating where rough conditions are common.
  • Better Performance in Rough Water: V-shaped hulls excel in rough waters due to their design’s ability to efficiently displace water downward and outward as the boat moves forward. This reduces the amount of pounding and pitching that can occur in rough seas, resulting in improved stability and comfort for those on board.
  • Efficiency in Cutting Through Waves: The V-shaped hull’s sharp bow and keel allow it to effectively cut through waves rather than riding over them. This design helps to reduce resistance and increase the boat’s speed and efficiency when moving through water.
  • Versatility for Various Activities: V-shaped hulls are versatile and suitable for a wide range of boating activities. They can be used for offshore fishing, cruising, water sports, and even commercial applications like search and rescue operations. The ability to handle rough conditions makes them a preferred choice for boaters who venture into different water environments.
  • Directional Stability: The V-shape of the hull, along with the keel, provides excellent directional stability. This stability is beneficial for maintaining a straight course and accurate steering, especially in challenging conditions where maintaining control is crucial.
  • Reduced Roll and Sway: V-shaped hulls typically have a narrower beam (width) compared to flat bottom hulls. This narrower beam contributes to reduced rolling and swaying, providing a more stable platform even in moderate to rough seas.
  • Enhanced Performance at Higher Speeds: V-shaped hulls are well-suited for higher speeds, as their design allows them to effectively cut through the water while maintaining stability. This can be advantageous for water sports enthusiasts and those who enjoy cruising at faster speeds.

-shaped hulls are designed to provide smoother rides in rough waters, better performance in challenging conditions, and efficient wave-cutting capabilities. Their versatility makes them suitable for various boating activities, especially in environments where rough seas and choppy waters are encountered. When choosing a boat with a V-shaped hull, it’s important to consider the intended use, as they may not perform as well in very shallow waters or calm conditions compared to flat bottom hulls.

3. Deep V-Shaped Hull

What are the different types of boat hull designs and their advantages

A deep V-shaped hull design is a specific variation of the V-shaped hull, characterized by a more pronounced and deeper V-angle along the bottom of the boat’s hull. This design features two sloping sides that meet at a keel, forming a sharp V-shape that extends from the bow (front) to the stern (rear) of the boat. Deep V-shaped hulls are commonly used in various types of watercraft, particularly those designed for offshore and high-performance applications.

Advantages of Deep V-Shaped Hulls:

  • Enhanced Stability: Deep V-shaped hulls offer enhanced stability, especially when compared to shallower V-shaped hulls or flat bottom hulls. The deeper V-angle contributes to better lateral stability, reducing the boat’s tendency to roll from side to side. This stability is particularly advantageous in challenging water conditions where waves and chop can cause significant rocking.
  • Improved Handling in Rough Seas: Deep V-shaped hulls excel in rough sea conditions. The design allows the boat to cut through waves and provide a smoother ride, minimizing the impact of waves on the hull and reducing the discomfort experienced by passengers. This makes deep V-shaped hulls ideal for offshore boating, where rough waters are common.
  • Better Wave Resistance: The deep V-angle and sharp bow of the hull enable the boat to efficiently slice through waves rather than ride over them. This reduces the amount of water sprayed onto the deck and enhances the boat’s ability to maintain forward momentum, resulting in improved performance in challenging water conditions.
  • Offshore Boating: Deep V-shaped hulls are particularly well-suited for offshore boating and long-distance cruising. Their ability to handle rough seas and challenging conditions makes them a popular choice among boaters who venture far from shore. The increased stability and wave-cutting capabilities are crucial for maintaining safety and comfort in open water.
  • High-Speed Performance: The design of deep V-shaped hulls allows them to achieve high speeds with greater stability compared to other hull shapes. The ability to maintain control at high speeds is essential for water sports enthusiasts, racing, and other high-performance boating activities.
  • Directional Control: The deep V-hull design enhances the boat’s directional control, making it easier to steer and maintain a straight course even in challenging conditions. This control is especially valuable when navigating through tight spaces or crowded waterways.
  • Reduced Spray: The deep V-shape helps to direct water away from the boat’s deck, reducing the amount of spray and splash that can occur in rough waters. This feature contributes to a more comfortable and dry ride for passengers.

Deep V-shaped hulls are characterized by their pronounced and deeper V-angle, providing enhanced stability, excellent handling in rough seas, and suitability for offshore boating and high-speed performance. Their design allows them to cut through waves efficiently and maintain control even at high speeds, making them a preferred choice for boaters who prioritize safety, comfort, and performance in challenging water conditions.

4. Modified V-Shaped Hull

A modified V-shaped hull design, often referred to as a “modified V” or “modified deep V,” is a hybrid hull design that combines elements of both deep V-shaped hulls and other hull shapes, such as flat bottoms or planing hulls. This design aims to strike a balance between the stability and wave-cutting capabilities of deep V-shaped hulls and the maneuverability and efficiency of other hull types. Modified V-shaped hulls are commonly found in a wide range of watercraft, from recreational boats to performance-oriented vessels.

Characteristics of Modified V-Shaped Hulls:

  • Hull Transition: A modified V-shaped hull typically features a deeper V-shape towards the bow, gradually transitioning to a flatter bottom towards the stern. This combination allows for improved stability in the forward sections and better planing and maneuverability towards the rear.
  • Chine: Modified V-shaped hulls often have chines, which are pronounced edges or corners along the sides of the hull. Chines help in redirecting water away from the boat’s hull, enhancing stability and lift.
  • Deadrise Angle: The angle of the V-shape is typically less steep than that of deep V-shaped hulls, offering a compromise between stability and maneuverability. This angle allows the hull to handle various water conditions while maintaining a smoother ride.

Advantages of Modified V-Shaped Hulls:

  • Stability and Maneuverability Balance: The design of modified V-shaped hulls aims to provide a balanced combination of stability and maneuverability. This makes them versatile and suitable for a range of activities, from leisure cruising to water sports and light offshore boating.
  • Smooth Ride: While not as specialized as deep V-shaped hulls, modified V-shaped hulls still offer a smoother ride compared to flat bottom hulls. This is beneficial for maintaining comfort on the water, even in moderate choppy conditions.
  • Efficiency and Planing: The flatter sections towards the stern of the hull enable modified V-shaped boats to achieve planing quickly. This efficiency allows for better fuel economy and the ability to reach higher speeds with less effort.
  • Versatility: Modified V-shaped hulls are versatile and well-suited for a variety of boating activities. They can handle calm waters for leisurely cruises, but they also have enough stability and control for activities like water skiing, wakeboarding, and tubing.
  • Maneuverability: The design of modified V-shaped hulls often includes features like chines, which enhance the boat’s maneuverability. This is particularly advantageous when navigating tight spaces, docking, or performing water sports maneuvers.
  • Comfortable Ride: The balance between stability and maneuverability in modified V-shaped hulls contributes to a comfortable and enjoyable boating experience for passengers, even when encountering varying water conditions.
  • Adaptability: The design of modified V-shaped hulls can be adapted for various boat sizes and types, making them suitable for both smaller recreational boats and larger vessels with multiple purposes.

Modified V-shaped hulls offer a compromise between stability and maneuverability, making them versatile for a wide range of boating activities. Their design allows for a smoother ride, efficient planing, and the ability to handle different water conditions. This adaptability and balance make modified V-shaped hulls a popular choice for boaters seeking versatility and performance in their watercraft .

5. Round-Bottom Hull

A round-bottom hull design is characterized by a curved and continuous surface along the bottom of the boat’s hull. Unlike other hull shapes with flat or V-shaped bottoms, a round-bottom hull has a smooth and curved profile that extends from the bow to the stern of the boat. This design is often associated with traditional sailboats and historic boat designs.

Advantages of Round-Bottom Hulls:

  • Smooth Sailing: One of the primary advantages of round-bottom hulls is their ability to provide a smooth and comfortable sailing experience. The curved shape allows the boat to gracefully glide through the water without abrupt changes in motion, leading to reduced rocking and pitching.
  • Minimal Resistance: Round-bottom hulls are known for their minimal hydrodynamic resistance. The lack of sharp edges or flat surfaces reduces friction with the water, allowing the boat to move more efficiently and achieve higher speeds compared to hulls with more complex shapes.
  • Efficient in Light Winds: Round-bottom hulls are particularly well-suited for light wind conditions. The smooth curvature of the hull allows the boat to maintain momentum even in gentle breezes, making them ideal for sailboats that rely on wind power.
  • Historic and Aesthetic Appeal: Round-bottom hulls are often associated with traditional sailing vessels and historic boat designs. As a result, they hold a strong aesthetic appeal for those who appreciate the elegance and craftsmanship of classic boats.
  • Balanced Heeling: The rounded shape of the hull contributes to a more balanced heeling (tilting) motion when sailing in wind. This can enhance the stability of the boat and provide a more comfortable experience for passengers.
  • Sailing Performance: Round-bottom hulls can be optimized for sailing performance, allowing boats to respond quickly to changes in wind direction and speed. This responsiveness is crucial for competitive sailing and maneuvering in tight spaces.
  • Graceful Appearance: The curvature of a round-bottom hull gives boats a graceful and elegant appearance both in and out of the water. This aesthetic quality is often favored by enthusiasts of traditional boat design.
  • Heritage and Tradition: Round-bottom hulls have a rich heritage in boatbuilding and maritime history. Many classic sailboats and traditional vessels feature this hull design, contributing to a sense of tradition and cultural significance.

Round-bottom hulls offer advantages such as smooth sailing, minimal resistance, and a strong aesthetic appeal. They are particularly well-suited for sailing vessels, especially in light wind conditions, where their efficiency and responsiveness shine. These hulls are often associated with historic and classic boat designs, preserving the artistry and tradition of boatbuilding while providing an enjoyable and timeless boating experience.

6. Multi-Hull (Catamaran and Trimaran) Designs

Multi-hull designs refer to boat or watercraft designs that feature two or more hulls instead of a single hull. The two most common types of multi-hull designs are catamarans and trimarans.


Catamarans have two parallel hulls connected by a deck structure. The hulls are typically symmetrical and provide a wide and stable platform. Catamarans can vary in size from small recreational boats to large luxury yachts and even commercial vessels. The space between the hulls can be used for various purposes, such as living quarters, storage, or amenities.


Trimarans have three hulls—a central hull and two smaller outrigger hulls, or “amas,” on either side. The central hull is usually larger and provides most of the buoyancy and stability, while the outriggers help with stability and lift. Trimarans offer a balance between the stability of catamarans and the performance of single-hull boats. They are often used in racing and cruising.

Advantages of Multi-Hull Designs:

  • Increased Stability: Multi-hull designs, whether catamarans or trimarans, offer enhanced stability compared to single-hull boats. The wide platform provided by multiple hulls reduces the rolling motion, making them more comfortable for passengers, especially in rough seas.
  • Reduced Draft: Multi-hull boats typically have shallower drafts compared to single-hull boats of similar size. This allows them to navigate in shallower waters and access areas that might be off-limits to deeper-draft vessels.
  • Spacious Interiors: The space between the hulls in catamarans and trimarans can be utilized for various purposes, including cabins, lounges, galleys, and storage. This design allows for more spacious and comfortable interiors, making them popular for liveaboard cruising and luxurious yachts.
  • Efficient Sailing Performance: Multi-hull designs often offer better sailing performance than single-hull boats. Catamarans and trimarans have less wetted surface area, which reduces drag and allows for higher speeds, particularly when sailing close to the wind.
  • Reduced Heeling: Catamarans and trimarans experience less heeling (tilting) compared to single-hull boats. This is advantageous for both comfort and safety, especially when sailing in windy conditions.
  • Sailing Versatility: Multi-hull designs are versatile and can be optimized for different types of sailing, from leisure cruising to high-performance racing. Trimarans, in particular, are known for their speed and agility, making them a popular choice for racing enthusiasts.
  • Luxury and Comfort: Large multi-hull designs, especially catamarans, are often used for luxury yachts and charter boats. Their spacious interiors, stability, and amenities make them well-suited for comfortable cruising and entertaining guests.
  • Economical Fuel Consumption: Catamarans and trimarans are known for their fuel efficiency due to their reduced drag and efficient hull shapes. This can lead to lower fuel consumption compared to single-hull boats of similar size.

Multi-hull designs, such as catamarans and trimarans, offer numerous advantages, including increased stability, spacious interiors, reduced draft, and versatile sailing capabilities. They are suitable for a range of activities, from sailing and cruising to racing and luxury yachting. The unique characteristics of multi-hull designs make them an appealing choice for boaters seeking enhanced comfort, performance, and functionality on the water.

7. Pontoon Hull Design

What are the different types of boat hull designs and their advantages

A pontoon hull design features a flat, deck-like structure that is supported by two or more airtight cylindrical tubes, known as pontoons. These pontoons are typically located underneath the deck and run parallel to each other along the length of the boat. The deck can be used for various purposes, including seating, storage, and amenities. Pontoon boats come in various sizes, from small recreational vessels to larger party boats and luxury pontoons.

Characteristics of Pontoon Hulls:

  • Pontoons: The defining characteristic of pontoon hulls is the use of pontoons, which provide buoyancy and support for the boat. These pontoons are often made from aluminum or other lightweight, buoyant materials and are sealed to trap air inside, ensuring the boat remains afloat.
  • Flat Deck: The deck of a pontoon boat is typically flat and spacious, providing ample room for seating, lounging, and various recreational activities. The open deck layout allows for customization and versatility in terms of seating arrangements and onboard features.
  • Multiple Pontoons: Most pontoon boats have two or three pontoons, arranged parallel to each other. Some larger models might have more pontoons for increased stability and weight distribution.
  • Shallow Draft: Pontoon boats have a shallow draft due to their design, which allows them to navigate in shallow waters without getting stuck. This is particularly useful for exploring lakes, rivers, and calm coastal areas.

Advantages of Pontoon Hulls:

  • Stability: Pontoon boats are known for their exceptional stability, thanks to the wide and buoyant pontoons that provide a stable platform. This stability makes them ideal for passengers of all ages, including those who might be prone to motion sickness.
  • Versatility: The open deck design of pontoon boats makes them highly versatile. Owners can configure the deck to suit their preferences, whether it’s adding seating, dining areas, fishing amenities, or even watersports features like diving boards or water slides.
  • Spacious Interior: Pontoon boats offer generous interior space, allowing for comfortable seating arrangements and the option to accommodate a larger number of passengers. This is particularly advantageous for social gatherings, parties, and family outings.
  • Ease of Boarding: Pontoon boats typically have a relatively low profile, making it easier for passengers to board from docks or swim platforms. This can be especially helpful for those with mobility challenges.
  • Smooth Ride: Pontoon boats tend to offer a smooth and gentle ride, which is appreciated by those seeking a leisurely boating experience. The buoyant pontoons help absorb waves and reduce the impact of choppy waters.
  • Suitable for Fishing: Many pontoon boats are equipped with fishing amenities such as rod holders, livewells, and fish finders. Their stable platform also makes fishing more comfortable and accessible.
  • Entertaining: The spacious deck and comfortable seating arrangements make pontoon boats ideal for entertaining guests, whether it’s a casual day out on the water or a festive party.

Pontoon hull designs are characterized by their buoyant pontoons and flat deck. They offer excellent stability, versatility, and spaciousness, making them well-suited for a variety of recreational activities, including cruising, fishing, and entertaining. The ease of customization and comfort they provide make pontoon boats a popular choice among boaters looking for a relaxed and enjoyable on-water experience.

8. Planning Hull Design

A planning hull design is characterized by its ability to lift out of the water onto the surface, or “plane,” at higher speeds. Unlike displacement hulls that move through the water, planning hulls use their speed to create lift, allowing the boat to ride on top of the water’s surface rather than pushing through it. This design is commonly used in powerboats, speedboats, and watercraft designed for activities that require high speeds.

Characteristics of Planning Hulls:

  • Shape: Planning hulls often have a flatter, more streamlined shape compared to other hull designs. This shape reduces hydrodynamic drag and allows the boat to transition onto the plane more easily.
  • Flatter Stern: The stern (rear) of a planning hull is often flatter and wider, providing stability and a better surface for the boat to lift onto the plane.
  • Trim Tabs: Some planning hull boats are equipped with trim tabs, adjustable surfaces on the stern that can be raised or lowered. These tabs help control the boat’s attitude and optimize its planing performance.

Advantages of Planning Hulls:

  • High Speeds: The primary advantage of planning hulls is their ability to achieve high speeds by lifting out of the water onto the plane. This reduces hydrodynamic drag and allows the boat to glide more efficiently across the water’s surface.
  • Efficient Fuel Consumption: Once on the plane, planning hulls require less power to maintain higher speeds compared to displacement hulls. This results in better fuel efficiency and longer range.
  • Quick Acceleration: Planning hulls are known for their quick acceleration. The transition onto the plane allows the boat to rapidly gain speed, which can be advantageous for water sports and recreational boating.
  • Responsive Handling: Planning hulls offer responsive and agile handling, making them well-suited for activities that involve quick turns, maneuvers, and changes in direction.
  • Reduced Bow Rise: As a planning hull accelerates, the bow tends to rise, which can reduce the operator’s visibility and affect handling. However, many planning hulls are designed with features like stepped hulls or lifting strakes to counteract this effect.
  • Versatility: Planning hulls are versatile and can be adapted for various water activities, including water skiing, wakeboarding, tubing, racing, and cruising.
  • Agility in Calm Waters: Planning hulls perform best in calm or slightly choppy waters, where they can achieve their maximum speed and efficiency. They are less suitable for rough or turbulent seas.
  • Adaptability: Planning hulls can be designed for a wide range of boat sizes and styles, from small runabouts to high-performance offshore racing boats.

Planning hull designs are characterized by their ability to lift out of the water and plane on the surface at high speeds. They offer advantages such as efficient fuel consumption, quick acceleration, and responsive handling. These hulls are commonly used in powerboats and watercraft that prioritize speed, agility, and dynamic water sports experiences.

9. Displacement Hull Design

What are the different types of boat hull designs and their advantages

A displacement hull design is characterized by its ability to move through the water by displacing the water around it, rather than riding on top of the water’s surface like a planning hull. Displacement hulls are commonly found in sailboats, trawlers, and other vessels designed for cruising and long-distance voyages.

Characteristics of Displacement Hulls:

  • Shape: Displacement hulls typically have a more rounded and full shape compared to planning hulls. The bow is often more bulbous and less streamlined, which helps to displace water smoothly and efficiently.
  • Narrow Stern: The stern (rear) of a displacement hull is often narrower compared to planning hulls. This design reduces turbulence and drag as the boat moves through the water.
  • Deep Draft: Displacement hulls generally have deeper drafts, which can be advantageous for stability and reducing the effects of rolling in rough seas.

Advantages of Displacement Hulls:

  • Fuel Efficiency: One of the primary advantages of displacement hulls is their fuel efficiency. Because they move through the water rather than plane on its surface, they require less power to maintain cruising speeds. This translates to better fuel economy and longer range.
  • Smooth Ride: Displacement hulls offer a smooth and comfortable ride. They glide through the water, reducing the impact of waves and chop, and resulting in a more stable and less jarring experience for passengers.
  • Stability: The rounded shape and deeper draft of displacement hulls contribute to their stability, especially in rough seas. This stability is particularly important for cruising and long-distance voyages, where comfort and safety are priorities.
  • Less Noise and Vibration: Displacement hulls generate less noise and vibration compared to planning hulls at cruising speeds. This quieter experience enhances the overall comfort of passengers and allows for more enjoyable conversations and activities on board.
  • Seaworthiness: Displacement hulls are well-suited for long-distance ocean voyages due to their stability and ability to handle various sea conditions. They are less affected by waves and wind, making them reliable choices for extended cruising.
  • Safety: The stability and predictable behavior of displacement hulls contribute to their safety, particularly during rough weather or when navigating through challenging waters.
  • Classic Aesthetics: Many classic sailboats and trawlers feature displacement hulls. Their rounded, traditional designs hold a timeless aesthetic appeal that resonates with boating enthusiasts.
  • Efficient at Low Speeds: Displacement hulls perform well at lower speeds, making them ideal for leisurely cruising and exploring coastal areas or inland waterways.

Displacement hull designs are characterized by their ability to move through the water efficiently and smoothly. They offer advantages such as fuel efficiency, stability, comfort, and safety, making them suitable choices for cruising, long-distance voyages, and ocean crossings. The design of displacement hulls prioritizes a relaxed and enjoyable boating experience, particularly for those who value comfort and exploration on the water.

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Top 4 FAQs and answers related to What are the different types of boat hull designs and their advantages

What are the advantages of a planning hull design.

Planning hulls excel in speed and agility. They lift out of the water at high speeds, reducing drag and allowing for efficient movement. This design offers quick acceleration, responsive handling, and is suitable for water sports and activities that require rapid maneuvers.

How do V-shaped hulls differ from flat bottom hulls?

V-Shaped Hulls: Have a V-shape along the bottom, provide stability in rough waters, and efficiently cut through waves. Flat Bottom Hulls: Have a wide, flat base, are stable in calm waters, and are ideal for shallow water navigation.

What makes multi-hull designs like catamarans and trimarans unique?

Catamarans: Have two parallel hulls, offering stability, spacious interiors, and reduced draft. They’re versatile for cruising, fishing, and entertaining. Trimarans: Feature a central hull and two smaller outrigger hulls. They balance stability and performance, often used in racing and cruising.

What are the advantages of a displacement hull design?

Displacement hulls are known for fuel efficiency, providing a smooth ride, and excellent stability. They are suitable for long-distance voyages, cruising, and are less affected by waves. Their quietness and comfort make them great for leisurely exploration.

What are the different types of boat hull designs and their advantages

In this comprehensive guide, we’ve explored the diverse world of boat hull designs and their unique advantages. We’ve covered a range of designs, each tailored to specific purposes and water conditions. Whether you’re a recreational boater, an avid angler, a water sports enthusiast, or a seasoned cruiser, understanding these hull designs is crucial for optimizing your boating experience.

From the efficient fuel economy and gentle rides offered by displacement hulls, to the exhilarating speeds and agility of planning hulls, each design comes with its own set of benefits. V-shaped hulls conquer rough seas with stability, while flat bottom hulls navigate shallow waters with ease. Round-bottom hulls offer smooth sailing, and multi-hull designs like catamarans and trimarans balance stability and versatility.

Choosing the right hull design is paramount. Your intended activities, preferred water conditions, and desired experiences all play a role in this decision. Each design has its strengths, but understanding their characteristics empowers you to make an informed choice that aligns with your needs and aspirations.

As you embark on your journey into the world of boating, explore the nuances of different hull designs and their advantages. Whether you’re purchasing a new vessel or customizing an existing one, this knowledge will be your compass. With the insights gained from this guide, you’re equipped to navigate the waters with a deeper understanding, confidently selecting the perfect hull design to elevate your boating adventures. May your sails be steady, your rides be smooth, and your experiences be enriched as you set sail with newfound appreciation and expertise.

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yacht design what is


Top 8 Best Boat Design Software in 2024 (Free & Paid)

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Written by: 3DSourced

January 16, 2024

Whether you’re a student, a hobbyist, or a professional, finding the right software is the key first step to designing a boat. However, with such a wide range of programs available, you need to make sure you choose the best boat design software for you.

We usually talk about 3D software in relation to 3D printing, but 3D modeling techniques are used across many applications and industries, including boat design. In fact, 3D printing is becoming increasingly prevalent in the boat design industry, with one example being Tanaruz’s 3D printed boats .

Quick Overview

  • Free!ship : Best Free Boat Design Software for Linux
  • Sailcut CAD : Free Sailboat Design Software
  • Bearboat SP : Free Boat Designer for Small Boats & Kayaks
  • DELFTship : Intuitive Free Boat Design Tool with Professional Option
  • Fusion 360 : Best Free Boat Design Software for Beginners & Mac
  • SketchUp : Best Boat Design App for iPad
  • Autoship : Best for Naval & Marine Architecture, Best for Windows
  • Solidworks : Best for Aluminum Boat Design Software & Best for Yachts

In this guide, we review several 3D ship design software to help you do just that. We’ll take a close look at both free and professional options, so that you’ll be able to find a suitable program regardless of your budget and experience.

Read more: our feature story on 3D printed boats

Best Free Boat Design Software

1. freeship – best free boat design software for linux.

Yacht designed in Free!ship

Completely free and open source 

Subdivision modeling to design any hull shape

Can export designs in a range of file formats

Can submit support and feature requests 

Positive reviews from users 

Can be tricky for novices to get used to 

Not available on Mac 

Unlike most of the boat building software on our list, Free!ship isn’t developed by a company, but rather by an individual called Marven with a desire to make boat design accessible to anyone.

Free!ship is a surface modeling program for designing ships and yachts, using subdivision surfaces modeling rather than NURBs, providing the freedom to design hulls of any shape. 

Available on Windows and Linux, you can get started with this free CAD software by automatically generating a basic boat structure to use as a template. You can then easily use the nodes on the structure, as well as a variety of tools like curve, split, collapse, and insert plane, to reshape the design to your liking.

You need to fill in certain parameters, such as:

  • Boat length
  • Beam length
  • Longitudinal and vertical direction

Once you’ve done that, you can view your boat design in four different perspectives and every angle to help you finalize your structure.

Free!ship offers the option to fill out support requests, feature requests, and report bugs. However, bear in mind that design beginners may be better off with a professional free ship design software that has more support options and tutorials available, as you don’t get any training with Free!ship.

2. Sailcut CAD – Free Sailboat Design Software

yacht design what is

Specialist sailboat design software 

Easy to use node editing

Supports a variety of sail designs

Export designs in different file types including DXF files

Not suitable for designing other boat types

If you’re looking for a free small boat design software specifically geared towards designing sails and sailboats, you can’t go wrong with Sailcut CAD .

This design and plotting software can be used to design the sail, hull, and rail of a boat, in addition to precisely computing panel development in flat sheets.

You can use it for a variety of different sail types, including wing sails, cross cut, twist foot cut, vertical cut, mitre cut, and radicul cut, so it’s a versatile tool that will suit virtually any sailboat designer.

The software provides a base design template that you can then edit and view in a variety of formats, including shaded, wireframe, and development. It provides control over all the key dimensions of your sailboat, such as boat length, gaff round, and seam width.

Sailcut provides documentation that explains how to use it for CAD as well as community mailing lists and a bug tracker where you can report issues.

3. Bearboat SP – Free Boat Designer for Small Boats & Kayaks 

Bearboat Software

Specialist kayak design software 

Simple to use 

Control all aspects of your design

Multiple view options

Advanced tools like wetting

Not suitable for larger boat designs

Dated interface 

Bearboat SP is a specialist kayak design software that can also be used to design other similar types of small boats.

People have been using Bearboat to design kayaks since 1998 – and it’s the most popular program for this specific type of boat design. 

It’s a fairly simple, no-frills software that makes it easy to get stuck straight in. You begin by filling in the core boat hull parameters, such as length, stability, and design deplacement, and then just click the ‘create’ button to generate your base kayak template. 

From there, you can go about making structural changes to aspects like shape seam, bow and stern seam height, and rockers parameters. You can also easily change dimensions using the nodes on the 2D wireframe design.

There are three viewing options – bird view, side view, and cross-section view – for inspecting your design from different perspectives, as well as options such as changing the color of the wireframe design for easier analysis. 

Advanced features include the ability to view the wetted surface and underwater area, and a drag spreadsheet that contains all the parameters of your boat design, making Bearboat SP a well-rounded boat design tool overall.

4. DELFTship – Intuitive Free Boat Design Tool with Professional Option

yacht design what is

More up-to-date and intuitive than other free boat design software tools

Impressive model rendering

Professional license and extension options

Perform basic calculations to check buoyancy and other factors

Free version has limited features compared to paid version

DELFTship is another great free boat design software, and offers a somewhat more professional and up-to-date solution versus Sailcut and Free!ship, with more impressive renderings than other free programs.

This 3D hull form modeling program is very intuitive with a range of easy-to-use design features, including lots of nodes that make it simple to edit your base model just by dragging and dropping.

You can inspect your models from five different viewpoints and convert them to wireframes and other formats to better analyze structure. Features like the keel and rudder wizard make it simple to design additional components of your boat.

DELFTship provides an unlimited free version alongside a professional license that costs $160. You can also add on extensions and board stability analysis calculations upon request for additional fees.

Even without the paid license you can still use DELFTship free to perform basic hydrostatic calculations and resistance calculations to help improve the precision of your designs, making this one of the most impressive free boat design tools. 

5. Fusion 360 – Best Free Boat Design Software for Beginners & Mac

yacht design what is

More beginner-friendly than other boat design software 

Lots of learning resources & tutorials

High quality, flexible 3D modeling tool

Impressive renderings

Available on Mac

Not a specialist boat hull design software

Unlike the other programs we’ve covered so far Fusion 360 is a general purpose 3D modeling software that’s not specifically made for boat designing. However, it’s still widely used in boat designing, and its more general nature has some advantages.

For starters, designing a boat is a fairly large and complex task, and the more specialist software like Free!ship and Bearboat SP are complex if you’re new to computer aided design. 

While Fusion 360 still has a learning curve, it’s one of the best designed, intuitive, and beginner-friendly 3D modeling software out there. On top of that, it has a huge range of learning resources and tutorials, great support, and a large user community, so it’s very popular among new designers.

In fact, there are a variety of YouTube videos and written tutorials showing how to use Fusion 360 for boat design and for different types of vessels, including yachts and canoes. These include videos showing how to design wooden boats , so it’s a good choice if you’re looking for a plywood boat design software.

Another benefit of Fusion 360 is that, unlike most naval architecture boat design software, it’s available on Mac. It even has iOS and Android apps that allow you to view designs and collaborate via your smartphone or tablet. 

Fusion 360 is also free for three years as long as you’re using it non-commercially.

Best Paid Boat Design Software 

6. sketchup – best boat design app for ipad.

  • Price : $119 a year for the app (free online version available)

yacht design what is

3D modeling iPad app

High quality renderings

Intuitive and beginner-friendly

Free online version available

Not specialized for boat design

SketchUp is another general purpose 3D software used for boat design. While it’s not one of the most widely used boat design programs, the reason it’s on our list is that it’s one of the few premier 3D CAD tools that has a fully-fledged mobile app for iPad.

While some programs like Fusion 360 have viewer apps, these don’t have the modeling tools of their desktop counterparts. However, with the SketchUp iPad app, you can enjoy advanced modeling on a tablet, and you can even get creative using an Apple Pencil stylus.

There are a variety of tutorials and videos showing how to design boats with SketchUp, and as a user-friendly software it’s a good option for beginners. SketchUp also boasts high quality renderings for producing 3D boat designs that you can easily share with anyone. 

While the SketchUp boat design app has a yearly fee, you can also use the software for free using the online-only version, or choose from a variety of desktop licenses that vary in terms of features and storage.

SketchUp also offers iPhone and Android apps, although these are more stripped back versions more suited to viewing and sharing designs on your mobile.

7. Autoship – Best for Naval & Marine Architecture, Best for Windows

  • Price : upon quote 

Boat designed in Autoship

Large software suite that covers the entire boat design pipeline

Used by professional boat manufacturers

Highly intuitive NURBs modeling

Comprehensive testing features and data management

Extensive training and support

Can be used to create load plans

Not available on Mac

Steep learning curve 

Autoship is a software suite designed for professional naval and marine architects that provides solutions for every aspect in the boat design process, from modeling to construction and load planning modules for more optimal loading.

In terms of design, Autoship software offers five different CAD/CAM solutions:

  • Autoship Pro – a hull design and surface modeling program.
  • Modelmaker – for creating 3D models of vessels and components.
  • Autohydro Pro – for analyzing hydrostatics and stability of your models.
  • Autoplate – a plate design, expansion, and management system.
  • Autopower – for resistance and powering predictions.

So, you can create a package with any number of these programs based on your needs. The great thing about Autoship software is all the programs are fully integrated, so any changes made to your model integrate into each solution.

Autoship Pro is the primary design solution in this suite, with a vast array of advanced features for designing vessels. Based on NURBs modeling, the intuitive interface allows you to work in up to four views simultaneously with ten levels of zoom and unzoom for top precision.

Some of the impressive features of this vessel design software include extensive context menus to help speed up operations, the ability to color surfaces so it’s easy to pick out parts in complex designs, curvature displays for curves and surfaces, hydrostatic and resistance calculations, and strength assessment tools.

Overall, with its mix of powerful design, testing, and engineering features, Autoship is one of the most complete boat design software on the market.

8. Solidworks – Best for Aluminum Boat Design Software & Best for Yachts

  • Price : upon quote

Yacht designed in Solidworks

Solidworks is one of the most advanced 3D CAD/CAM software out there and is widely used across design and engineering industries, from automotive to aerospace as well as boat design. 

In fact, this software is used by a number of leading boat manufacturers. One such example is Kvichak Marine Industries, a Seattle-based maker of high quality aluminum vessels, including both passenger and industrial boats.

In this v i deo , the assistant chief engineer explains how Solidworks’ highly precise 3D modeling tools allow them to improve processes by spotting issues quicker and therefore improve efficiency, with the ability to inspect every element from the individual pipes within hulls to the connections within engines.

Solidworks’ extremely advanced and flexible modeling allows you to create any type of boat you like. There’s even an eBook that explains each step in designing a superyacht using Solidworks.

While this software is mostly used by professional companies, there are also numerous YouTube videos showing you how to design a boat with it, so it’s accessible to amateurs.

What is Boat Design Software?

A boat design software is a program used to sketch, plan, and model a boat in 3D. Popular boat design programs include Free!ship, Solidworks, Fusion 360, and Autoship.

What is naval architecture?

Naval architecture is the processing of designing and engineering marine vessels like ships and boats, as well as their parts. Naval architects also work in boat and ship repair. 

Do I need special software for designing boats?

You don’t need a special boat design software to design boats and ships. While there are a number of specialist boat design software tools out there, general 3D modeling CAD programs like Fusion 360 and AutoCAD are also used for this purpose. 

What Can You Do With Boat Software? 

All boat software have different features that determine what you can do with them. For example, certain programs are designed for creating certain types of boats, such as kayaks and sailboats, so this is the first consideration you need to make to find a suitable program.

More expensive programs typically offer a much wider range of features than paid versions. At the top end are industrial solutions like Autoship and Solidworks, which offer extremely high quality and flexible modeling tools and provide support for testing, manufacturing, and engineering processes, so they’re complete solutions. 

There are also software like DELFTship and Fusion 360 that provide both free and paid versions, so you can try out the free versions and then upgrade if you want the extra features available on the paid licenses.

What Can You Do With Boat Software

Buying Guide – Things to consider when choosing boat software

Buying Guide-Boat Design Software

Type of Boat

Boats come in all different shapes and sizes, and some software are specially built for designing certain types of boats. For example, Bearboat SP is primarily geared towards kayak designing, while Sailcut is for sailboats. 

On the other hand, general 3D modeling software like Fusion 360 and Solidworks are more flexible, so you could use it as a Yacht design software and for other types of boats. The benefits of this are the increased flexibility and beginner-friendliness, but these general programs can lack some of the more specialist features that the likes of Bearboat SP and Sailcut have.


The device you’re using is going to have an impact on what naval architecture software you use, as most programs only work on certain operating systems.

In fact, the majority of boat design software are only compatible with Windows. If you’re looking for a boat design software for Mac, Linux, or iPad, you may be best off using a more general purpose 3D modeling software like Fusion 360 or SketchUp.

3D Rendering & Graphic Quality

Free programs like Free!ship, Sailcut, and Bearboat SP are all great for creating precise boat designs at no expense, but in terms of graphics and 3D model rendering, they’re all very basic. 

Yachts rendered in Solidworks and SketchUp

This isn’t unusual when it comes to free programs, and if you’re not bothered about graphics then it’s no issue. However, if you do want to create higher quality models and renderings – which is especially important if you’re a student or aspiring professional boat designer – then you’ll need a program that provides this, such as Solidworks or Autoship.

Usability & Training

Boat design isn’t exactly a simple process, so if you’re a complete beginner, you’ll want a software that’s easier to get to grips with. 

The free boat design software we’ve covered are all fairly simple to use, but the level of intuitiveness and support varies. If you’re a complete newbie to computer design, you may want to go for a widely used modeling software like SketchUp or Fusion 360, both of which boast great support, large communities, and more tutorials than specialist boat structural design software.

Budget & Free Trial 

The price of boat design software can vary a lot, from free programs to expensive professional solutions like Solidworks and Autoship that can cost thousands, so bear this in mind. Many paid boat design software offer free trials, so you should definitely take advantage of this to try a program out.

What software is best for basic boat design?

Free!ship, Delftship, and Sailcut are all popular free software that allow you to create basic boat designs. 

How do you design a yacht?

If you want to design yachts, the first step is to find a high quality yacht designing software such as Solidworks or Autoship.

How do you become a boat architect / ship designer?

To be a boat architect or ship designer you need to first obtain a relevant degree, such as a BEng or MEng in naval architecture.

How much do yacht architects make?

Yacht and naval architects can make anywhere from $60,000 to $150,000 depending on their experience and position, with the average salary around $75,000.

Autoship, Solidworks, Maxsurf, and OrcaFlex are all popular marine design software that are used in professional ship design.

To become a boat designer you first need a degree in a relevant subject, such as naval architecture, ship science, or marine technology. 

The best way to learn how to make a boat hull in Solidworks is by watching one the boast hull design tutorial provided by Solidworks Product Manager Mark Biasotti.

The first step to designing a yacht is finding a suitable CAD software, such as Solidworks or Fusion 360.

Lightning CAD Dock Designer is one of the most popular boat dock design software.

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  • Top Picks For Beginner & Pro Free Furniture Design Software
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  • Garage Design Software
  • Great Pool Design Software

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Innovative Hype-R Yacht Is A Tech-Savvy Concept Tailored for Young Innovators

yacht design what is

The world of yachts is largely centered around successful businessmen and rich retirees. But a designer in his youth believes the young, dynamic, and tech-savvy should also have a yacht premeditated to their needs and discerning tastes. And so, the concept yacht Hype-R is born.

From the looks of it, it doesn’t deviate too much from what we have seen in the yachts that have taken to the waters. But unlike them, youth-focused Hype-R is synonymous with luxury and modern lifestyle, which vividly appears in how it allows the users to transition from entertainment to relaxation seamlessly.

Designer: Davide Benaglia

yacht design what is

The lavish and future-proof Hype-R concept yacht is designed by Davide Benaglia for the Feadship’s Young Designer of the Year competition. Not starkly different in approach but made with outrightly different intent, the Hype-R is 220 foot long and is designed to meet contemporary challenges while keeping the charm and style of the yachts intact. ”I envision the future of yacht design to continue its current trajectory,” Davide notes.

yacht design what is

To make it appear traditional yet deviate from the norm, the Hype-R is flooded with uniqueness and modernity, which would appeal to the digitally-sound and young clientele. Suggesting how the idea for the yacht like this came to be, Davide said, “I have found the perfect fusion of…two (love for cars and architecture) perspectives in yacht design.”

yacht design what is

The Hype-R is like a sports car for the waters, influenced by the designs of geniuses like Pininfarina and Giugiaro. Its exterior is very yacht-like with sleek lines defining the style carried on in the innovative features. The upper deck of the Hype-R has a sunset lounge that offers panoramic views of the breathtaking waters while the residents watch the sun fade away in the crimson horizon.

yacht design what is

The sundeck is reserved for the techie-owner. It’s outfitted with a living room and private study. Each space has been specifically designed to serve a distinct function such as the beach area that’s usable to host a movie evening or a party in the discotheque. The highlight of Davide’s yacht may be the entertainment cum beach area, but it’s the youth-visioned idea of the Hype-R that would set a new vision in the industry.

yacht design what is

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Yacht Design, what has happened in the last 10 years?

yacht design what is

This is the first of two articles dedicated to the development  of yacht design over the last decade. In this issue we look  at custom and semi-custom yachts. We will then go on  to examine the production boats

by Maria Roberta Morso

The years fly by rapidly in the world of yachting, dotted with international boat shows. Flitting from Cannes to Monaco, Fort Lauderdale, Miami and Genoa, as well as more distant destinations such as Singapore and Australia, we bear witness to evolving design driven by changing times and market requirements.

Which way is the wind blowing? Which yachts have represented a turning point in design? Which elements are involved in establishing a trend?

We have decided to analyse a relatively brief period from 2007–2017, although it encompasses 2008, which was a particularly topical year. The international financial crisis that exploded during that year took the nautical sector right back to square one. Anyone who tried to deceive themselves that the market would continue to grow forever and had made foolhardy investments is no longer on the scene.

Those who survived the dead calm of the market instead had to face a period of profound reflection on corporate and marketing strategies, as well as on stylistic decisions and production and technological innovations.

Yacht Design

Wally Power

«At the height of the crisis, we decided we had to find a way to make ourselves more appealing on the market» , stated Vincenzo Poerio , Benetti CEO, in an interview. «Our objective was to reduce custom yacht construction times, which represented one of our biggest obstacles in that important market segment».

In fact, one of the routes followed by many large yacht manufacturers entailed the development of naval platforms with associated engineering so as to achieve a drastic reduction in delivery times, sometimes by as much as six to eight months. The yacht would still be custom made inasmuch as the owners would have a say in the hull design from the waterline upwards, the superstructure and the layout.

Regardless of the crisis and its repercussions, I would say that in general, with the exception of a few cases of genuine innovation, the development of yacht design is progressing slowly and very cautiously, predominantly driven by commercial considerations. This thought leaves a bitter aftertaste and reminds me about something I heard being said to someone who really understands commercial success: “A beautiful boat is a boat that sells!” I understand the point of view, but I don’t like this attitude.

A beautiful boat is a beautiful boat, the result of an out-of-the-ordinary creative process, with an upward-looking vision metaphorically speaking. The boat that sells may be at most a good boat, a good product suited to market requirements. I understand that if the figures don’t add up the designer’s creativity remains a stylistic exercise unto itself, but let’s not talk inappropriately about beauty, let’s keep the two categories separate.

Personally, I’m extremely grateful to those who, driven by passion and a far-reaching vision, linked to the economic factor per se only slightly or not at all, are prepared to take risks and sow the seeds of development, even if the results are often reaped by others.

How could we fail to think of Luca Bassani whose Wally yachts boosted sailing first of all and then the motor yacht industry?

Two particular yachts stand out above all the rest of Wally’s prolific protection as heralds of real innovation: the Wallygator , a ketch made in 1994, and the outstanding WallyPower 118 from 2003, which was a true pioneer and whose stylistic elements were variously and extensively copied over the following years.

A small number of other genuinely innovative manufacturers succeeded and continue to manufacture products that, by making a significant contribution to design development, are also rewarded by commercial success. Without wanting to wrong anyone, a couple of names come to mind: Pershing , and more recently Arcadia and Cantiere delle Marche . Neither of them discovered America, but they managed to introduce an authentically innovative angle to something that was in the air, so to speak.

Yacht design

Arcadia 100

The market rewarded them at different times. Powerful, fast and bold Pershing yachts, oozing with pure energy, proved an overwhelming success. The yachts from the young Cantiere delle Marche are understated, extremely habitable and possess a simple elegance, built to plough the seven seas with great autonomy. The Arcadia models are unusual, original, practical and ‘green’.

Both Cantiere delle Marche and Arcadia occupy a niche and the former has managed to command a large slice of the market in its segment. In these cases, creativity, intuition, knowledge of the market and a dose of audacity proved to be the winning blend.

However, there are others who progress through sheer determination, capability and design awareness, gradually developing their product, step by step, without taking any risks.

One great Italian example of this is Gruppo Ferretti, particularly as regards its Ferretti Yachts and Custom Line brands, which managed to keep the group’s name flying high even during the darkest years.

The Custom Line Navetta 26 dates to 2007 and was the earliest example of a long and successful line of stylistically evolved models with a consistently high standard of technical features. The Navetta 37 and 33 that made their debuts at Cannes in 2016 and 2017 bear perfect witness to this. Pershing is continuing the product development process with its extraordinary aluminium 140 , currently under construction.

It is following a parallel path to that adopted by Gruppo Ferretti for the Azimut Benetti colossus. It is worth remembering the Benetti Classic that gave an exceptional boost to semi-custom yacht production in the late 1990s. Alongside this production and its serial models, Azimut Benetti also managed to maintain a solid portfolio of bigger and bigger custom yachts, despite the crisis.

CRN-J'Ade 22


Sanlorenzo deserves a special mention. After it was bought by Massimo Perotti in 2005, it aimed high, achieving success in both serial production and in the semi-custom and custom sectors.

Big names from the world of international yachting, such as Sunseeker , Palmer Johnson and Princess have struggled due to the crisis, but thanks to captivating products and an international clientele they have managed to protect their names and their characteristic style.

Before going into a detailed analysis of yacht design evolution, it is worth emphasising the difference between serially produced, semi-custom and fully custom yachts.

The yacht production and  yacht design dynamics are different and we will explore the two aspects separately, although certain aspects regard all three sectors, primarily thanks to the development of materials such as glass that now makes it possible to create huge transparent surfaces that enhance the relationship between the yacht interior and exterior, whatever its size.

To make things easier for readers, this is how our proposed analysis will be structured.

In this first article we will be exploring the top end of the market, looking at custom yachts that offer examples of driven innovation, but also strong signs of a deep-rooted conservatism, primarily due to yacht owners. Big Italian names, including Benetti , CRN , Sanlorenzo and , Picchiotti  together with the Dutch Feadship and Heesen and the German Lürssen , have produced real milestones in the history of yacht design over the last ten years.

We will also be discussing semi-custom production, a sector that is also intriguing in stylistic terms. Despite remaining within the confines of ‘easily marketable’ yachts, the manufacturers and designers look to custom yacht owners, offering sophisticated stylistic and technical solutions.

The second article will investigate the most significant signs of development in production boats.

Boat yards that did not exist ten years ago and those that have changed course following a change of ownership deserve a side note. We have already mentioned Cantiere delle Marche and Arcadia , but key positions are also occupied by brands such as RossiNavi , which has built up a top reputation for construction quality thanks to its perseverance and professionalism, and Baglietto which, boosted by its prestigious name, has succeeded in maintaining its position within the manufacturer empyrean despite its fluctuating fortunes.

Benetti Seasense yacht design

Benetti Seasense

Another important Italian brand, ISA Yachts , floundered after having built quality semi-custom and custom yachts. Thanks to huge investments in the yard and its products, the new owners are hoping to relaunch it.

Our analysis considers specific aspects such as layout, the relationship between the interior and exterior, and the bow design. These elements will provide us with interesting examples and indications regarding the most important trends.

Yacht design, what happened in Italy and elsewhere In 2007 the luxury yacht market had the wind in its sails. Italian yards such as Benetti and CRN produced very traditional looking 50–60m yachts with stylistic features that made them immediately recognisable. They included the Annaeva, Amnesia III, Ability and GiVi .

Stefano Natucci , a legendary designer at the yard in Viareggio, had by now impressed his highly personal flowing style on the brand, characterised by composite profiles with dynamic curved lines and slender bows, almost becoming a trademark for Benetti custom yachts. In 2017, it is difficult to separate a Benetti/Natucci from a Benetti/Benetti, with a few rare exceptions.

For their part, the big yachts from CRN almost all bore the authoritative signature of Zuccon International Project , featuring compact lines, generous superstructures and harmonious volumetric relationships.

The international designer  worked along very sim Espen Øino ilar lines, designing Kismet and Saint Nicholas for Lürssen in 2007. That was also the year that Baglietto broke the mould with Tatiana Per Sempre , a 44m yacht designed by Paszkowski . This steel-coloured shard was characterised by its low superstructure and a single black ribbon of windows from bow to stern.

The seeds of evolution had been sown and would start to show results over the coming years, particularly with the growing dimensions of custom yachts, which soon measured a huge 80, 90 or 100 metres and more. These large sizes have constituted a trend over the last ten years.

From 2007 onwards, notwithstanding the crisis, even open yachts – at risk due to their high consumption – grew bigger and bigger. The Leopard 46m made by Bacigalupo in 2007 is the forefather of a line of streamlined, high-performance yachts whose only thing in common with open yachts is in the name, even flaunting spacious flying bridges harmoniously incorporated in the superstructure. Overmarine’s yachts were of a similar style. Ten years later, it has remade a model that made its debut in 2007, the Mangusta 165 that, revised and evolved, is now manufactured in an E (evolution) version and is proving a great commercial success.

In 2008, Philippe Starck amazed the nautical world with his A , a 119m built by Blohm&Voss . A anticipated styles and layouts that, albeit in a less extreme fashion, would appear again and again, such as the reverse bow and a huge beach club that also opens out to the sides thanks to drop-down terraces.

There have been very few bows like this, it’s true, but the beautiful slender bows inherited from the beginning of time have been definitively thrown into question.

The straight bow, for example, is one of the stylistic elements that configures an evolution in large yacht design over the last decade. As well as having a strong stylistic impact, it allows for the optimal use of the internal volumes with the same overall length.

Some of the character-packed yachts launched in Italy over the last decade with straight or slightly reverse bows include the Benetti Nataly and, in 2017, Seasense and the Isa Forever One and Okto .

And now we come to the evolution of the layout. Internal space is a tyrant. Many large yachts have sacrificed elegance in favour of gigantic superstructures designed to encompass everything and more. This is true of both semi-custom and custom yachts. Space is a luxury, just like the relationship between interior and exterior.

However, some bucked the trend and, well aware of the lure of speed, constructed a small series of aluminium custom yachts between 2007 and 2015 that all share a highly streamlined design recalling the fuselage of an aeroplane: SilverYachts , a German-owned firm with its yard in Australia produced four yachts, two measuring 73 metres and two measuring 77 metres, that reach a speed of 27 knots and beat all efficiency records. Abetted by the crisis, ‘green yachts’ became an increasingly pressing issue.

Many yards launched projects, of varying degrees of success, to ride the eco-friendly wave. The hybrid made its first appearance and the Long Range 23 built by Gruppo Ferretti under the Mochi brand marked the start of a trend that, unfortunately, even today is struggling to gain a footing, primarily due to the costs associated with lithium batteries and a relatively modest all-electric range.

However, the idea has been established that one can happily set out to sea in a spacious yacht, capable of great autonomy, while consuming very little. In 2010, Tilli Antonelli left Pershing and founded Wider . Tilli did not lose sight of the pleasure of getting off the beaten track and developing intelligent, practical solutions, remaining an outsider.

yacht design

With the exception of the Wider 42’ and the 32’ , which we will discuss in our article on serial yachts, Tilli, together with Fulvio De Simon i, his legendary trendsetting yacht design partner, started work on a project that was as daring as it was interesting: an aluminium yacht measuring approximately 46 metres with diesel-electric propulsion with Azipod.

Both the external design and the layout are unusual. The large garage in the stern opens with a complex mechanism and, once the tender is out, the compartment is transformed into a luxurious swimming pool. Two large side hatches open up to become an extension of the sophisticated beach club.

The fact that the operation did not prove a commercial success takes nothing away from the significance of this project. This fact did not escape Massimo Perotti , who started up a partnership with Tilli Antonelli who, having concluded the Wider project, threw all his expertise into developing a series of ‘green yachts’ for Sanlorenzo.

In fact, two SL 86 Hybrids are due to be launched this year. Other northern European yards have done the same, as in the case of Heesen Yacht with its much-admired Home , but this raises another question relating to the world of yachting, which is the matter of increasingly efficient keels and hybrid propulsion.

Perini Navi , a world leader in the large sailing yacht sector, produced three magnificent motor yachts in the Vitruvius series designed by Philippe Briand between 2010 and 2016: Exuma 50m, Galileo G 55m and Grace E 73m. With their simple lines and great autonomy enabling them to travel to the most remote corners of the planet, these yachts are the epitomy of elegance and efficiency.

PHILIPPE BRIAND_Vitruvius_Cam4_final

Drop-down or sliding terraces have had a big impact over the last decade, permitting a direct link with the sea while also increasing the available space. All yards use them now and it is difficult to say who was the first to develop them. They are so sought-after that they are even adopted on semi-custom yachts from Sanlorenzo , Benetti , Custom Line and Heesen , to name but a few. At the same time, the windows have become bigger than ever and the distinction between interior and exterior spaces is less and less marked.

The stern of the yachts has acquired notable importance, leading to the development of so-called beach clubs, which, fully equipped, become one of the main attractions offered by the yacht as a whole.

Swimming pools are also bigger than ever. Alpha Nero , built in 2007 by Oceanco and designed by Nuvolari and Lenard , boasts an enormous pool with transparent stern wall. A breathtaking sight. The trend became consolidated in the yacht design over the years, but we had to wait until 2017 to find an equally spectacular pool in the Benetti Seasense .

CRN produced very large yachts over the course of this decade. The 72m Azteca designed by Nuvolari and Lenard, J’Ade 60m, the brainchild of Norberto Ferretti and his designer Gianni Zuccon, and the flagship Chopi Chopi 80m also from Zuccon International Project, Saramour 61m designed by Paszkowski , Yalla 73m from Omega Architects and Atlante 55m once again by Nuvolari and Lenard , were all highly innovative yachts in stylistic terms. Design became increasingly sophisticated, with almost obsessive attention to detail.

yacht design

Riva , one of Gruppo Ferretti’s key brands, maintained its position as an icon of the yachting world. Even in the case of this renowned brand, the dimensions increased over this ten year period and it began to produce a greater variety of yachts, with class being one thing that all Riva production had in common. Officina Italiana Design was behind the yard’s success over the last decade.

‘Small’ models were developed alongside large opens and huge Fly yachts such as the Corsaro and the 122’ Mythos . We will also soon be seeing the first Riva mega yacht, a 50m currently under construction in the Ancona yard .

Sanlorenzo , both as regards its custom and semi-custom production, launched yachts that made a mark on the market and contributed to the evolution of design. Its 4H from 2007 is the forerunner of a successful series of yachts of different sizes, all with a sporty, sophisticated design and numerous panoramic terraces.

At the same time as it was building custom and semi-custom yachts in steel and aluminium or aluminium only, and mass producing sophisticated composite yachts, Sanlorenzo also embarked upon the construction of yachts of different sizes, explorers designed for long journeys, such as the 460 Exp and the very recent SX88 with fibreglass hull and carbon superstructure.

Explorers are still a niche yacht today. Intended for owners who love long voyages and are prepared to do without slim lines, explorers or expedition vessels represent a market segment that underwent consistent growth over the last decade. Cantiere delle Marche is the brand that really established itself on a world level in this sector with the production of two stylistically different lines, which share a strong construction and top-class systems.

The Darwin Class series designed by Hydro Tech and Nauta Air by Nauta Design are available in different sizes and each yacht is highly customised. The yard, basing itself on naval platforms of different dimensions, modifies the length and layout in keeping with the client’s requirements. Everyone has their eye on the commercial success and quality of these yachts. Let’s leave Italy now to take a look at northern European yards.

yacht design

Sanlorenzo SX88

The German Lürssen , a quintessential mega yacht builder, did not seem to be affected by the crisis. Its enormous yards launched gigantic yachts, including the biggest in the world, the Azzam , a very elegant yacht measuring more than 180m, designed in Italy by Mario Pedol and his team at Nauta Design.

Thanks to its determined shareholders and solid financial position, the Dutch Heesen Yachts builds yachts on spec, which are always sold before being completed. As Poerio said, custom yacht delivery times are prohibitive and it is impossible to wait for a client before starting construction.

At the same time as working on new stylistic solutions with Omega Architects , the Oss yard focused on keel efficiency during this ten-year period, working hand in hand with Van Oossanen , one of the best naval engineering firms in the world. One-off yachts such as Galactica Star , designed by Omega Architects i n 2013, and Galactica Super Nova by Øino in 2016, encompass many of the elements we have identified as signifying a stylistic evolution trend in yacht design.

Flowing yet simple lines, free from stylistic frills, large spaces in the stern for relaxing in, big swimming pools and even bigger beach clubs. The Limited Editions semi-custom series from Amels seems to have no limits.

Limited Editions 180, 188, 199, 212, 242 and 272 designed by the great Tim Heywood are real evergreens. At the same time, the yard also launched custom yachts such as the recent Here Comes the Sun , 83m, also designed by Tim Heywood, with its large volumes and classical, harmonious shape.

Feadship , considered the world leader in custom yacht production, made an incursion into semi-custom yachts during the crisis with two models, the F39 and F45. However, Feadship really leads the field in its preferred custom yacht sector. In 2008 it launched the 72m Predator with its aggressive design and reverse bow, while over the following years it produced an impressive series of large yachts, each one significantly different from the next (indeed, at the height of the crisis, while others were clutching at straws and trying to pull the wool over people’s eyes, the Feadship management very honestly expressed concern regarding the drop in orders!).

azzam yacht design

The very best was the Venus 78m, resulting from the creativity of two geniuses, Steve Jobs and Philippe Starck . It stood out for its simple and carefully studied lines, resembling those of Apple products, and its immense windows.

The ocean and sun entered the rooms, the exterior and interior spaces merged. Venus marked the apotheosis of a trend. The years have passed and Feadship is still riding the crest of the wave. Madame Gu , a 99m yacht designed by Andrew Winch Yacht Design , stood out for its sleek silhouette in Porto Cervo bay in 2014.

Winch is a designer who sets trends on international level. In 2017 it was the turn of Faith, a 96m vessel designed by Redman Whitley Dixon . Glass has become an irreplaceable design element. What is more, it is also a structural element.

In this yacht the large pool is made entirely from glass, which also forms the roof of the beach club. Five layers of transparent glass measuring just 7 mm thick are able to withstand tonnes of water and create a magical effect. We do not have the ambition to offer a complete overview about yacht design and we can not talk about everyone. The many excluded will excuse us. We used some examples because they are significant of a tendency, without wanting to harm anyone.

(Yacht Design, what has happened in the last 10 years? – Barchemagazine.com – March 2018)

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yacht design what is

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City moves forward with design plans for the Yacht Club

By meghan bradbury - | jul 18, 2024.

yacht design what is

The Cape Coral Yacht Club was razed in April. PHOTO BY ROB BRAITLING

Cape Coral City Council approved design plans for both the Yacht Club and its pier Wednesday.

The elected board passed a pair of resolutions:

• Resolution 194-24 to authorize preparation of the final design and construction documents for the Yacht Club Community Center at a not to exceed amount of $7,316,186.96.

• Resolution that 224-24 for the final design, construction documents and construction services of the fishing pier at the Yacht Club in a not to exceed amount of $386,161.40.

The ongoing discussion of the city’s decision to rebuild the park by replacing the historic mid-Century “ballroom” with a new resort-style “destination” complex has been fraught with resident protest, including a funeral-style service in advance of the demolition.

The new complex will feature an island-ambiance anchored by a two-story community center and resort style pool as well as related amenities.

All of that was captured into design work with an agreement with Kimley-Horne and Associates, which City Manager Michael Ilczyszyn said is the No. 1 best qualifying firm for community parks.

Ilczyszyn said when the city first started the Yacht Club project, they were primarily dealing with a scope of work that dealt with work at the riverfront beach, the seawall and parking deck.

Then Hurricane Ian swept through the area, and elements were added to the scope of work, as buildings had damage.

“Since then, we had a hurricane,” Ilczyszyn said. “Now we had to deal with the ‘donut hole’ — the center portion never intending to deal with.”

This triggered some substantial improvement requirements including removal of buildings the city had not originally planned to remove.

“We went through a series of public meetings and sessions of council — what the community wanted to see,” he said. “All of that led to the end selection of architectural design.”

Ilczyszyn said Council chose to do a full rebuild of the pier — which includes a design of a new pier that would include such areas as wind loads and static loads. Due to the condition of the pilings, they decided not to move forward with partial opening, he said.

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Il documentario per gli appassionati di barche e design che racconta un mito (italiano) della nautica

Disponibile su NOW, RIVA PER SEMPRE. Una storia di traguardi e innovazioni ripercorre l'evoluzione del famoso cantiere navale nato sul Lago di Iseo più di 180 anni fa

riva anniversario

È il 1842 quando, sul Lago di Iseo, Pietro Riva dà vita a quello che nel tempo diventerà il cantiere più conosciuto al mondo , contraddistinto da design all’avanguardia e materiali di alta qualità. Le imbarcazioni prodotte al suo interno vanno dagli 8 ai 90 metri di lunghezza, sono diverse per tipologie e dimensioni ma sono unite dalla performance e dalla sicurezza. E tutti i modelli della gamma sono riconoscibili, anche se il più noto è e resta l’ Aquarama , resa famosa dalla sua velocità e bellezza ineguagliabile. Una curiosità: sono diversi i modi in cui è chiamata. "la Ferrari del mare", "lo Stradivari delle barche" o "la regina della Costa Azzurra”.

Un Riva è riconoscibile sempre, “è nel gusto, nella sapienza, nel designer”, afferma il Vicepresidente di Ferrari, Piero Ferrari, nel documentario che è ambientato nei cantieri di Sarnico e La Spezia, nella Superyachts Division di Ancona, al Gritti Palace di Venezia e al Riva Private Deck di Lezzeno, sul Lago di Como. Ed è così sin dal principio: la storia del Cantiere Riva è l'avvicendarsi di un'evoluzione continua, di miglioramento e ricerca del bello. È Serafino Riva, il nipote di Pietro, a trasformare i prodotti del cantiere in un marchio: finita la Grande Guerra, nell'Italia della ricostruzione, è poi Carlo Riva ad abbinare l'idea di lusso, come un motoscafo, ai materiali industriali.

A lui spetta quindi la trasformazione radicale del cantiere di famiglia, che viene inaugurato nel 1954. Quello presentato è un grande polo produttivo modello, concepito per seguire le imbarcazioni in tutte le sue lunghe e molteplici fasi di gestazione. E il cuore pulsante del Cantiere Sarnico, come descritto dettagliatamente nel documentario, è l’ufficio dello stesso ingegnere: uno spazio di lavoro assolutamente sui generis , progettato nel 1965 con cura di ogni design e funzionalità.

“La plancia”, così denominato, è collocata al centro della grande volta del capannone “con un’arcata larga 40 metri retta da due pilastri laterali che sostengono anche due carroponti, ciascuno in grado di sollevare barche della portata di 20 tonnellate, un’architettura tutelata dalla soprintendenza dei beni ambientali. Oggi il cantiere si estende su una superfice di 43mila metri quadri, 10 gli ormeggi, 2 gru a bandiera, 4 cabine di verniciatura e un carrellone della portata di 50 tonnellate utilizzato per il trasporto in banchina delle imbarcazioni finite”.

RIVA PER SEMPRE. Una storia di traguardi e innovazioni ripercorre gli oltre 180 anni del cantiere e lo fa attraverso i momenti salienti e appassionanti della sua formazione e funzione, dalle prime barche da pesca ai motoscafi da corsa degli anni '20 e '30 , dall'epoca della Dolce Vita fino allo sviluppo industriale. E ancora, dall’iconico Aquarama sino agli anni 2000, al varo del primo Aquariva e al ritorno nel settore dei superyacht con la Riva Superyachts Division, culminando nel grande anniversario del 2022 e agli anni più recenti, quella della doppia quotazione sulla Borsa di Hong Kong e Milano.

Il documentario, destinato non solo ad un pubblico di settore, attraverso materiali d'archivio (come foto inedite o i filmati d’epoca dell'ingegner Carlo Riva) e immagini più recenti, celebra un’icona del made in Italy, un evergreen del nostro Paese, e lo fa anche attraverso alcune parole e testimonianze, quelle del CEO di Ferretti Group Alberto Galassi e di Piero Ferrari (anche a capo del Comitato Strategico di Prodotto di Ferretti Group); attraverso i brevi interventi del maestro Mimmo Paladino o dell'attore Pierfrancesco Favino , dei designer Mauro Micheli e Sergio Beretta di Officina Italiana Design e al racconto dei direttori di produzione del cantiere di La Spezia e di Sarnico, oltre alle attente analisi di Elena Dellapiana, docente al Politecnico di Torino, e di Antonio Vettese, giornalista.

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The Plan: 79th Street Replacement Dock House Finds Its Sea Legs

By abigail nehring july 18, 2024 10:15 am.

A dock house on a floating barge.

The New York City Economic Development Corporation (EDC)’s $89.2 million replacement dock house at the 79th Street Boat Basin finally found its sea legs.

The old one — a Dickensian 1,000-square-foot shack on a floating barge moored to the bank of the Hudson River — was damaged when Superstorm Sandy inundated the city in 2012. In 2021, the Parks Department decided it had to go.

Community Board 7 scoffed at the stout 7,550-square-foot replacement structure city officials originally presented in 2021, calling it “clumsy,” “ overly harsh ,” and reminiscent of Soviet-era design. So EDC scrapped it the following year and hired Brooklyn-based Architecture Research Office (ARO) to begin anew.

“We were excited by the challenge of it,” ARO principal Adam Yarinsky said, “but also by the possibility of creating an iconic building on the waterfront that speaks to the history of New York City’s connection to the water.”

After several Community Board rejections, ARO’s final design opted for a 3,800-square-foot shoreline structure that will hover above the dock on 10-foot trusses, intended to create the illusion of transparency and lightness the community wanted.

“It’s not fully glass, but part of the advantage of the truss system was that we were able to kind of clip the corners,” said ARO’s studio director, Megumi Tamanaha, an Upper West Sider. “That opens up the views even more at the corners.”

It helps that ARO has some experience in maritime architecture. The firm designed the boathouse on Pier 5 at Brooklyn Bridge Park in 2018 and also dreamed up the plans for a kayak pavilion at Long Dock Park on the Hudson River waterfront in Beacon, N.Y.

The dock house serves as a sort of urban harbormaster’s station. There’s a locker room and changing area for the boat basin’s staff, plus bathrooms, showers and even a laundry area for weary mariners docking after a long journey.

All this is important to keep things running smoothly at the 79th Street Boat Basin. The marina was built in 1937, and is currently closed until 2028 while EDC undertakes major improvements, including dredging the riverbanks to deepen the basin, reconstructing the docks, and replacing the dock house.

When it reopens, EDC says the boat basin will be better equipped to handle heavy traffic. It’s the city’s most heavily subscribed marina and also a safe harbor for houseboats, which are permitted to anchor at the basin year-round.

The dock house will be oriented 45 degrees to the shoreline. That way, “it doesn’t feel as if you’re putting in a building that’s turning its back on the city,” Yarinsky said.

And it makes the facility less intrusive on a very active stretch of Riverside Park, where cyclists whiz by throughout the day and there isn’t much room to lay down a picnic blanket.

“We’re really pleased,” Yarinksy said. And so is CB7, which voted to recommend ARO’s design last month.

It still needs approval from federal agencies, which are providing about a third of the funding for the project. But getting the OK from the Upper West Side community is no small accomplishment, according to ARO.

“What got us excited is that the character of the building actually feels like it belongs to the site,” Yarinsky said. “What it didn’t really have before was a kind of visual identity, if you will, some connection to the qualities of this place.”

Abigail Nehring can be reached at [email protected] .

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yacht design what is

yacht design what is

Yacht Rental Website API Integration

€250-750 EUR

Paid on delivery

To enhance my yacht rental website's functionality, I require a well-versed developer to incorporate several APIs. The integrated APIs should effectively manage services.

Key features to include:

- An online booking system enabling customers to rent yachts at their convenience.

- Clearly detailed search and filter options to assist users in finding yachts that suit their preferences.

- Detailed yacht descriptions providing potential renters with comprehensive information about available yachts.

Given the absence of preferred payment options, versatility in payment integration is critical.

Ideal skills and experiences:

Wix studio editor, vela

Backend programming javascript

Sawgger hub API commands

- Experience in integrating APIs

- Familiarity with online booking systems

- Knowledge in search and filter algorithms

- Competence in creating detailed descriptions for items

- Adept in a variety of payment gateway integration.

PHP HTML Website Design JavaScript

About the project

Place your bid, benefits of bidding on freelancer, 136 freelancers are bidding on average €525 for this job.

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  1. Sigmund Yacht Design's 112m Superyacht Centurion Design

    yacht design what is

  2. Luxury Electric Yacht Concept is Shaped Like a Swan

    yacht design what is

  3. Sleek Yacht Designs that are redefining luxury and providing

    yacht design what is

  4. Phoenicia Sailing Yacht concept by Igor Lobanov

    yacht design what is

  5. These extreme sailing superyacht concepts prove that the sky’s the limit

    yacht design what is

  6. Swan-shaped yacht concept Avanguardia by Lazzarini

    yacht design what is



  2. Yacht design process

  3. O’Pari 3 Magnificent Luxury Superyacht (by Golden Yachts)

  4. Riva Luxury Yacht

  5. Inside A Super Yacht Designed For And By An Architect (Yacht Tour)

  6. Solent Whisper


  1. According to the experts: the principles of yacht design

    According to the experts: the principles of yacht design. Designing a luxury yacht is no mean feat and, whether the designer is tasked with a boundary-pushing exterior or an interior that can stand the test of time, designers must unleash their creativity time and time again. With practice comes a design team's best practices, resulting in some ...

  2. The Basics of Hull Design Explained

    A truly flat-bottomed boat has zero degrees of deadrise. Most powerboat hulls have some deadrise, giving the hull bottom its "V" shape when viewed from the bow or stern. The deep-V hull was developed in the late 1950s and proved to be optimal for high-speed offshore vessels, with transom deadrise of 18 to 24 degrees.

  3. Yacht Design Terminology

    Yacht design terminology and definitions of those terms. WoodenBoat is a bimonthly magazine that delivers a blend of traditional and evolving methods of boat design, construction, repair, and related crafts—as well as profiles of unique boats and people.

  4. Yacht Designs And Boat Hull Types

    Any yacht that has this sort of distinct pilot house for the captain to steer from generally falls into this category. Above: Wellcraft 355 Walkaround Pilothouse Boat. Image via Wellcraft. Pocket Yacht. The term "pocket yacht" doesn't really refer to any one design trait or style, so much as it does to size.

  5. The Basics of Hull Design Explained

    A boat's weight—and its distribution fore and aft—is central to hull design of any kind. We design the underwater volume of a hull to be distributed in a way that matches the optimal fore and aft center of gravity of the assembled boat plus her occupants and gear. This "center of buoyancy" is the volumetric center of the shape of the ...

  6. Yacht Design Basics

    Compromises are what yacht design and construction are all about. There is no perfect yacht for all situations, for all owners, for all sea and speed conditions. In fact, there is no yacht that is perfect even for one specific owner or situation, even if it's custom-designed and built. Every yacht, of necessity, will be a compromise.

  7. Basics of Sailboat Hull Design

    Ultimately, the job of a sailboat hull is to keep the boat afloat and create stability. These are the fundamentals of a seaworthy vessel. There are two types of stability that a design addresses. The first is the initial stability, which is how resistant to heeling the design is.

  8. Understanding Boat Design Process: Concept to Creation

    The boat design process is a multi-faceted and technical endeavor that encompasses several stages, each with its own set of challenges and considerations. The process requires a comprehensive understanding of naval architecture, structural engineering, and materials science. In this article, we will outline the four primary stages of the boat ...

  9. Understanding the Different Branches of Boat Design

    16. May. UNDERSTANDING THE DIFFERENT BRANCHES OF BOAT DESIGN. Boat design is a collaborative effort, requiring the expertise of professionals from various fields to create functional, aesthetically pleasing, and seaworthy vessels. In this article, we'll explore the key branches of boat design, shedding light on their roles and significance.

  10. Frequently Asked Questions to A Boat Designer: a Compilation

    In the world of boat design and naval architecture, curiosity abounds. Enthusiasts, aspiring designers, and seasoned professionals alike often find themselves grappling with a myriad of questions about this intricate and fascinating field. This article delves into the frequently asked questions posed to boat designers and my personal response ...

  11. Dynamic Yacht Design Course

    Landing School Yacht Design graduates are working all over the world designing boats, performing 3D modeling, yacht construction, sail making/ design, technical sales, component design, and project management. For more information, please call 207-985-7976 or fill out a contact form. In the Yacht Design program, you will learn to combine design ...

  12. Boat Design Net

    Boat design and boatbuilding projects, plans, concepts, reviews, and resources. Sailboat, multihull, powerboat, and yacht manufacturers and custom builders. Directory of yacht designers and naval architects, gallery of design work, and active boat design and boat building discussion forums.

  13. The best yacht design courses to kick-start your career

    Yacht Design Diploma. Based in the American town of Arundel, Maine, the Landing School offers a wide range of courses in marine technology. Its Yacht Design Diploma boasts a 100% employment rate for former students and bursaries are available via the Women in the Marine Industry scholarship. Alumni have gone on to work for the America's Cup ...

  14. Design process

    Yacht interior design. Knowing the hull type, we can take your wishes and put them in a preliminary design. This will be a rough outline of the general arrangement (interior layout), a sail plan, a lateral view of the underwater hull and a deck plan. Together with you and the architect we can tweak this plan into a final design.

  15. How Modern Yacht Design Has Evolved Over the Years

    Modern yacht design has evolved tremendously since the world's first 'superyacht', Cleopatra's Barge, emerged from Retire Becket's shipyard in Salem, Massachusetts, to gasps of admiration from the awe-struck crowds that had gathered on the docks. The 25m, 192t brigantine had been built at the cost of $50,000 for a wealthy merchant ...

  16. Yachts Vs. Boats: What's The Difference?

    Any yacht that is 79 feet long or longer is classified as a "large yacht." Beyond a length of 130 feet, the vessel is typically called a "super yacht" (sometimes written as one word, superyacht). Sidebar: the current reigning champion for the longest yacht in the world is the super yacht Azzam, which is 590 feet in length. Another ...

  17. Basics of Boat Design

    Fn = 0,45 - 0,8. The buttocks of boat should be straight and near horisontal (transom boat) or the boat must be light compared to length. Power of semi-displacement boat (similar to displacement): 3 P 64 F. n . P power (kW) displaceme nt (m.

  18. 9 Types of Boat Hull Designs and Their Advantages

    5. Round-Bottom Hull. A round-bottom hull design is characterized by a curved and continuous surface along the bottom of the boat's hull. Unlike other hull shapes with flat or V-shaped bottoms, a round-bottom hull has a smooth and curved profile that extends from the bow to the stern of the boat.

  19. Top 8 Best Boat Design Software in 2024 (Free & Paid)

    Bearboat SP: Free Boat Designer for Small Boats & Kayaks. DELFTship: Intuitive Free Boat Design Tool with Professional Option. Fusion 360: Best Free Boat Design Software for Beginners & Mac. SketchUp: Best Boat Design App for iPad. Autoship: Best for Naval & Marine Architecture, Best for Windows.

  20. Innovative Hype-R Yacht Is A Tech-Savvy Concept Tailored for Young

    The lavish and future-proof Hype-R concept yacht is designed by Davide Benaglia for the Feadship's Young Designer of the Year competition. Not starkly different in approach but made with outrightly different intent, the Hype-R is 220 foot long and is designed to meet contemporary challenges while keeping the charm and style of the yachts intact.

  21. Yacht Design, what has happened in the last 10 years?

    Madame Gu, a 99m yacht designed by Andrew Winch Yacht Design, stood out for its sleek silhouette in Porto Cervo bay in 2014. Winch is a designer who sets trends on international level. In 2017 it was the turn of Faith, a 96m vessel designed by Redman Whitley Dixon. Glass has become an irreplaceable design element.

  22. The World's Most Successful Yacht Designers

    H2 Yacht Design is a British yacht design firm founded by London-based naval architects and yacht designer Jonathan Quinn Barnett and his team. The company designs and engineers luxury yachts for some of the world's most prestigious shipyards and yacht builders. H2 Yacht Design is known for its modern and innovative yacht designs that ...

  23. City moves forward with design plans for the Yacht Club

    Cape Coral City Council approved design plans for both the Yacht Club and its pier Wednesday. The elected board passed a pair of resolutions: • Resolution 194-24 to authorize preparation of the final design and construction documents for the Yacht Club Community Center at a not to exceed amount of $7,316,186.96. • Resolution that 224-24 […]

  24. Yacht

    Yacht. A 45-foot cruising yacht in 2010. The superyacht Azzam, the longest private yacht, as of 2018. [1] A yacht ( / jɒt /) is a sail - or motor -propelled watercraft used for pleasure, cruising, or racing. [2] [3] [4] There is no standard definition, though the term generally applies to vessels with a cabin intended for overnight use.

  25. Il documentario dedicato al cantiere Riva Yacht

    È il 1842 quando, sul Lago di Iseo, Pietro Riva dà vita a quello che nel tempo diventerà il cantiere più conosciuto al mondo, contraddistinto da design all'avanguardia e materiali di alta qualità.Le imbarcazioni prodotte al suo interno vanno dagli 8 ai 90 metri di lunghezza, sono diverse per tipologie e dimensioni ma sono unite dalla performance e dalla sicurezza.

  26. The Plan: 79th Street Replacement Dock House Finds Its Sea Legs

    The New York City Economic Development Corporation (EDC)'s $89.2 million replacement dock house at the 79th Street Boat Basin finally found its sea legs. The old one — a Dickensian 1,000-square-foot shack on a floating barge moored to the bank of the Hudson River — was damaged when Superstorm ...

  27. Yacht Rental Website API Integration

    PHP & Website Design Projects for €250 - €750. To enhance my yacht rental website's functionality, I require a well-versed developer to incorporate several APIs. The integrated APIs should effectively manage services. Key features to include: ...